1000 Words Essay About Social Psychology

Kerth O’Brien Portland State University Winter, 2020

Some slides © Kerth O’Brien 2020, other slides © McGraw-Hill 2020

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PSY 342 / SOC 342 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY: SELF, ATTITUDES, SOCIAL INFLUENCE

Myers and Twenge 13/e, chapter 3 Slides © Kerth O’Brien 2020 and/or © McGraw-Hill 2020.

 

 

Kerth O’Brien Portland State University Winter, 2020

Some slides © Kerth O’Brien 2020, other slides © McGraw-Hill 2020

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How do we judge our social worlds, consciously and unconsciously?

How do we perceive our social worlds?

How do we explain our social worlds?

How do our social beliefs matter?

What can we conclude about social beliefs and judgments?

Perceiving Our Social Worlds 4

Priming: activating particular associations in memory • Can influence another thought or even

an action • Things we don’t even consciously

notice can subtly influence how we interpret and recall events • Kulechov effect

• Illustrates the idea that much of our social information processing is automatic

 

 

Kerth O’Brien Portland State University Winter, 2020

Some slides © Kerth O’Brien 2020, other slides © McGraw-Hill 2020

Perceiving our social worlds, cont’d 5

Priming, cont’d:

Embodied cognition: mutual influence of bodily sensations on cognitive preferences and social judgments

• Brain systems that process our bodily sensations communicate with the brain systems responsible for our social thinking

Perceiving our social worlds 6

Think of 3-4 circumstances in which it matters whether your early impressions of a person are accurate.

• What are some circumstances? • Why use your intuition in these

circumstances? Why not?

 

 

Kerth O’Brien Portland State University Winter, 2020

Some slides © Kerth O’Brien 2020, other slides © McGraw-Hill 2020

Intuitive judgments: why and why not

Some advocate “intuitive management”—tuning in to our hunches

Our thinking is partly automatic, partly controlled ! Automatic processing: “implicit” thinking – effortless, habitual,

and without awareness; roughly corresponds to “intuition” and “gut feeling” – also known as System 1

! Controlled processing: “explicit” thinking – deliberate, reflective, and conscious—also known as System 2

Automatic thinking often involves schemas, emotional reactions, the effects of expertise, and snap judgments

Intuition has limits

Automatic, intuitive thinking can seem to “make us smart”; but the unconscious may not be as smart as once believed • Error-prone hindsight judgments • Capacity for illusion—for perceptual misinterpretations,

fantasies, and constructed beliefs

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