1. Explain the difference between each of the following pairs: a) original and appellate jurisdiction, b) general and special jurisdiction, and c) subject matter and personal jurisdiction.
2. Describe the responsibilities of a judge.
3. What three conditions must be met before a prosecutor charges a person with a crime and prosecutes the case? Why do prosecutors sometimes choose not to prosecute criminal cases? Discuss problems that could occur due to one person having so much power and discretion.
4. Identify the type of court structure in the United States and describe its various components. Identify the ten purposes of courts.
5. What are three basic types of plea bargains? What factors do prosecutors consider when deciding whether or not to plea bargain and what kind of bargain to make? In a minimum of 100 words, describe the interests served and not served by plea bargaining.
6. List and define the stages of a criminal trial.
7. Identify the general factors that influence a judge’s sentencing decisions. Describe how judges tailor sentences to fit the crime and the offender.