.

Chapter 7

QUESTION 1

.

Which of the following is defined as the persistnce of learning over time, through the encoding, storage and retrieval of memory?

.

    memory
    long-term memory
    short-term memory
    sensory memory

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

Which of the following refers to the processing of information outside of conscious awareness?

.

    sensory memory
    short-term memory
    automatic processing
    working memory

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

Behaviors such as texting and driving home would be considered…

.

    explicit memories
    automatic processing
    implicit memories
    working memory

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

Which of the following pieces of memory would you  not  process automatically?

.

    Where your bed and dresser are in your room
    A new acquaintances address
    The location of your PSY110 classroom
    How to spell your name

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

Cramming has actually been shown to be an effective method of learning new information.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

Mood can be a retrieval cue.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

Which of the following brain structures is responsible for temporarily holding memories until they can be moved to storage?

.

    basal ganglia
    frontal lobe
    cerebellum
    hippocampus

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

Which of the following brain structures is most involved with you learning motor movements such as how to ride a bike?

.

    brain stem
    basal ganglia
    frontal lobe
    hippocampus

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

If you have to take a foreign language at Valpo and  you took a foreign language in high school, you would benefit from taking the same language at Valpo as you did in high school because you would benefit most from which of the following?

.

    Recall
    Relearning
    Recognition

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

This very multiple choice question, which is asking you to identify previously learned material, requires you to make use of which of the following skills?

.

    relearning
    recall
    recognition

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2

 

QUESTION 1

.

Neurons are…

.

    basic building blocks of the nervous system
    extensions of the cell body that receive messages
    extensions of the cell body that send messages
    a nerve impulse

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

Everything psychological is simultaneously biological

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

Brain plasticity allows us to adapt to new environments

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

The nervous system consists of…

.

    the sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous systems
    the brain and spinal cord
    the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

Neurotransmitters…

.

    include serotonin and dopamine and affect behaviors and emotions
    are electrical impulses in the brain
    the form of communication between motor neurons and sensory neurons
    are natural opiates released in response to pain

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

Researchers use all of the following  except which to study the brain?

.

    EEG
    PET
    EKG
    MRI

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

Which of the lobes controls planning and judgment?

.

    parietal lobe
    temporal lobe
    occipital lobe
    frontal lobe

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

Which lobe of the brain tells you if someone touches your arm?

.

    parietal lobe
    frontal lobe
    occipital lobe
    temporal lobe

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

How do we create a split brain?

.

    By surgically connecting the right and left hemispheres of the brain
    By inhibiting dual processing
    By severing the corpus callosum

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

We only use 10% of our brain.

.

True

.

False

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5

QUESTION 1

.

If our sensory system receives information from the environment, this is called:

.

    absolute threshold
    difference threshold
    perception
    sensation

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

When our brain organizes and interprets sensory information that is called:

.

    difference threshold
    perception
    sensation
    absolute threshold

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

If we want to define a stimulus as subliminal, what is the percent of time we would perceive it?

.

    less than 50%
    100%
    more than 50%
    never

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

Which receptor in the eye is responsible for perceiving color?

.

    optic nerve
    rods
    cones

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

If it is dark out, our eyes make use of what receptors to help us to see – especially in our periphery.

.

    optic nerve
    cones
    rods

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

Which of the following would not be a good example of sensory adaptation?

.

    Bill puts on more cologne even though he already did because he can’t smell it
    Pat gets into the hot tub slowly because it is hot, but the water quickly cools. Pat is surprised when Alex, who is just getting in, comments on how hot the water is.
    Stacy does not notice the airplanes that fly over her apartment regularly
    People with anosmia do not perceive the smells in their environment

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

When we look at the world around us, we process color, movement, form and depth. This processing is called:

.

    dual processing
    Gestalt processing
    parallel processing
    visual processing

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

Dylan looks out his dad’s fourth floor office window and wonders why there are a bunch of matchbox cars outside. He asks if he can go play with them. We can conclude that Dylan is missing which perceptual ablity:

.

    size constancy
    shape constancy
    monocular cues
    binocular cues

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

What effect does experience have on how we perceive the world?

.

    None, we all perceive the world similarly
    It guides our perceptual interpreations
    It allows us to see depth and movement

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

Which of the following is  NOT  a touch sensation?

.

    wetness
    pain
    pressure
    temperature

.

10 points   

QUESTION 11

.

Researchers have been able to replicate ESP effects under controlled conditions.

.

True

.

False

.

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8

 

QUESTION 1

.

What is the term for how we simplify and order the world around us using mental groupings of similar objects, events or ideas?

.

    prototypes
    framing
    concepts
    cognition

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

When I am struggling to come up with a solution to a problem, occasionally I have a a sudden inspiration that allows me to solve my problem. This is referred to as:

.

    heuristic
    framing
    insight
    algorithm

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

Fast, automatic, unreasoned thinking refers to which of the following?

.

    framing
    intuition
    algorithm
    insight

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

When I am in class and giving a lecture, I am most frequently using which area of the brain to produce language?

.

    Wernicke’s area
    Broca’s area
    hypothalamus
    corpus callosum

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

When someone in class asks me a question and I have to understand what they are saying to me, I am most using which area of the brain?

.

    Wernicke’s area
    basal ganglia
    Broca’s area
    corpus callosum

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

If I believe that people have innate abilities that can be fostered in particular areas of intelligence, such as math or music, then I would most agree with which theorist?

.

    Sternberg
    Gardner
    Freud
    Dr. Abraham

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

Animals have language skills that are similar to and can exceed humans.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

Intelligence is heritable.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

In what areas do we see differences in intellectual ability between males and females (choose all that apply).

.

    overall intelligence
    spatial reasoning
    overall math

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

To what do we attribute the observable differences between males and females in intelligence (e.g. language, emotion detection)? Choose all that apply.

.

    evolution
    culture
    biology
    test bias

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3

 

QUESTION 1

.

Developmental psychologists study:

.

    physical changes
    cognitive changes
    social changes
    all of the above

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

Nature is our __________ and nurture is our __________.

.

    genetic inheritance; our experiences
    stages; continuity
    our experiences; our genetic inheritance
    continuity; stages

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

Which of the following would not be a teratogen:

.

    diabetes
    nicotine
    rubella virus
    cocaine

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

Our emotional reactivity and the intensity of that emotional response is called:

.

    temperament
    personality
    maturation
    conception

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

Stranger anxiety develops shortly after infants develop what cognitive skill?

.

    accommodation
    object permanence
    attachment
    assimilation

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

What is the transition period from childhood to adulthood?

.

    adolescence
    puberty
    attachment
    assimiloation

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

What is the marker for the beginning of adolescence?

.

    puberty
    formal reasoning
    maturation of the frontal lobe
    age 13

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

Who proposed the eight stages of psychosocial tasks we must achieve for healthy psychological development?

.

    Freud
    Vygotsky
    Erikson
    Piaget

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

What do we call the period of development between the age of 18 to the mid-twenties?

.

    young adulthood
    adolescence
    emerging adulthood
    puberty

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

People over the age of 65 report as much happiness and satisfaction with life as younger people do.

.

True

.

False

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4

QUESTION 1

.

Which of the following terms is defined as the socially influenced characteristics by which people define men and women?

.

    gender
    sex
    social norms
    puberty

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

Which of the following terms is defined as the biologically influenced characteristics by which people define male and female?

.

    sex
    puberty
    maturation
    gender

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

Which of the following influence development?

.

    sex chromosomes
    sex hormones
    both of the above

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

Which of the following terms is defined as how others expect us to act based on being male or female?

.

    gender typing
    gender role
    gender identity

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

Which of the following terms is defined as our own sense of being male or female or some combination of the two?

.

    gender identity
    gender role
    gender typing

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

Which hormone drives men’s sexuality?

.

    estrogen
    testosterone
    papilloma
    petocin

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

Which of the following is most associated with women’s sexuality?

.

    estrogen
    papilloma
    testosterone
    petocin

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

Erotic material can trigger sexual arousal in:

.

    men
    women
    both men and women
    neither men nor women

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

Sexual orientation is associated with mental health.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

Rates of teen intercourse vary between cultures and eras.

.

True

.

False

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9

QUESTION 1

.

What is the goal in drive-reduction theory?

.

    self-actualization
    physiological need
    homeostasis
    incentives

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

Our memory of when we last ate can influence our experience of hunger.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

Twins and adoptions studies indicate genetics does not influence body weight.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

Social isolation can put us at risk for mental and physical health issues.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

People with narcissism are socially inactive.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

Emotions are based only on bodily arousal.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

Emotions have both physical and cognitive components.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

The physical changes our body has when we experience fear and anger are very similar to the body changes we experience with sexual arousal.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

Which of the following help us to detect emotions?

.

    body movements
    facial expressions
    voice tones
    both b & c
    all of the above

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

Which group are better at reading emotional cues and expressing emotion?

.

    men and women equally
    men
    women

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 11

 

QUESTION 1

.

When we see someone trip over a raised piece of sidewalk and fall (without getting hurt), we often think to ourself “what a klutz” as we laugh at them. Social psychologists would attribute this tendency to ignore the environmental factors behind behavior to:

.

    attitudes
    fundamental attribution error
    central route persuasion
    conformity

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

If you change your views based on new information I share in class, then you have engaged in which of the following:

.

    fundamental attribution error
    informational social influence
    peripheral route persuasion
    normative social influence

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

Solomon Asch’s study demonstrated the existence of which principle:

.

    social loafing
    social facilitation
    obedience
    conformity

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

Stanley Milgram’s famous study demonstrated the principle of:

.

    conformity
    social facilitation
    obedience
    social loafing

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

Which of the following is not a component of prejudice?

.

    beliefs
    predispositions
    laws
    emotions

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

If we blame someone who is poor for being poor because they just didn’t try hard enough, then we have justified our beliefs using:

.

    outgroup bias
    the just-world phenomenon
    prejudice
    ingroup bias

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

We tend to fall in love with people for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:

.

    differences
    proximity
    physical attractiveness
    similarity

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

If we experience an unselfish regard for other people, then we are experiencing:

.

    passionate love
    altruism
    equitable relationships
    companionate love

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

Which of the following situations would make us most likely to help someone who has been hurt?

.

    when it is not an emergency so we don’t feel the same level of pressure to help
    when others are around and we want to make a good impression
    when we are the only person around so no one else is available to help
    when we are the oldest person in the group so we feel responsible

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

Which of the following is a good way to resolve conflict between two groups?

.

    create a self-fulfilling prophecy situation
    create shared goals that require them to work together to be successful
    use mirror-image perceptions

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 13

 

QUESTION 1

.

What qualifies behavior as a psychological disorder?

.

    Clinically significant disturbances in cognition
    Clinically significant disturbances in emotion
    Behavior or thoughts that interfere with daily life
    Behavior outside of the norm

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

If you believe that psychological disorders come from the interaction of biological, psychological, and social circumstances, then you would agree with which of the following:

.

    biopsychosocial approach to understanding psychological disorders
    the medical model of understanding psychological disorders
    the epigenetic model for understanding psychological disorders

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

If you have an anxiety disorder in which your anxiety escalates into episodes of dread then you have:

.

    a phobia
    panic disorder
    obsessive-compulsive disorder
    generalized anxiety disorder

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

If you have a mood disorder in which you experience both depression and mania, you would be diagnosed with:

.

    chronic depression
    post-traumatic stress disorder
    major depressive disorder
    bipolar disorder

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

Which of the following is not a characteristic of schizophrenia?

.

    inappropriate emotional expression
    haunting memories
    disorganized speech
    delusions

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

If you experience repetitive thoughts and actions that lead to dysfunctional behavior, you could be diagnosed with:

.

    post-traumatic stress
    obsessive-compulsive disrder
    generalized anxiety disorder
    bipolar depression

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

If you have an irrational fear or avoidance of a specific object, activity or situation, you could be diagnosed with:

.

    schizophrenia
    phobia
    mania
    post-traumatic stress

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

Epigenetics helps us to understand psychological disorders.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

Anorexia nervosa is a condition in which individuals attempt to control their weight through binging and purging.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

Mental disorders most frequently associated with violence.

.

True

.

False

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 14

 

QUESTION 1

.

The treatment that involves treating psychological disorder with medications and other biological treatments is:

.

    eclectic approach
    psychotherapy
    biomedical therapy

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

The treatment for psychological disorders that uses interactions between a trained therapist and a client is:

.

    eclectic therapy
    psychotherapy
    biomedical therapy

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

Psychodynamic therapy focuses on childhood experiences and unconscious feelings.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

Behavior therapies assume that problem behaviors are the problem.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

Disassociative disorder is different from multiple personality disorder.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

One aim of group therapy is to provide help to more people with less cost.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

Psychotherapy outcome research has found that people who remain untreated often improve.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

Our lifestyle influences our brain and body, which affects mental health.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

Drug therapy is the most widely used biomedial therapy.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

Antidepressant drugs depress the central nervous system activity.

.

True

.

False

.

Chapter 7

QUESTION 1

.

Which of the following is defined as the persistnce of learning over time, through the encoding, storage and retrieval of memory?

.

    memory
    long-term memory
    short-term memory
    sensory memory

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

Which of the following refers to the processing of information outside of conscious awareness?

.

    sensory memory
    short-term memory
    automatic processing
    working memory

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

Behaviors such as texting and driving home would be considered…

.

    explicit memories
    automatic processing
    implicit memories
    working memory

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

Which of the following pieces of memory would you  not  process automatically?

.

    Where your bed and dresser are in your room
    A new acquaintances address
    The location of your PSY110 classroom
    How to spell your name

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

Cramming has actually been shown to be an effective method of learning new information.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

Mood can be a retrieval cue.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

Which of the following brain structures is responsible for temporarily holding memories until they can be moved to storage?

.

    basal ganglia
    frontal lobe
    cerebellum
    hippocampus

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

Which of the following brain structures is most involved with you learning motor movements such as how to ride a bike?

.

    brain stem
    basal ganglia
    frontal lobe
    hippocampus

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

If you have to take a foreign language at Valpo and  you took a foreign language in high school, you would benefit from taking the same language at Valpo as you did in high school because you would benefit most from which of the following?

.

    Recall
    Relearning
    Recognition

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

This very multiple choice question, which is asking you to identify previously learned material, requires you to make use of which of the following skills?

.

    relearning
    recall
    recognition

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2

 

QUESTION 1

.

Neurons are…

.

    basic building blocks of the nervous system
    extensions of the cell body that receive messages
    extensions of the cell body that send messages
    a nerve impulse

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

Everything psychological is simultaneously biological

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

Brain plasticity allows us to adapt to new environments

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

The nervous system consists of…

.

    the sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous systems
    the brain and spinal cord
    the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

Neurotransmitters…

.

    include serotonin and dopamine and affect behaviors and emotions
    are electrical impulses in the brain
    the form of communication between motor neurons and sensory neurons
    are natural opiates released in response to pain

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

Researchers use all of the following  except which to study the brain?

.

    EEG
    PET
    EKG
    MRI

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

Which of the lobes controls planning and judgment?

.

    parietal lobe
    temporal lobe
    occipital lobe
    frontal lobe

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

Which lobe of the brain tells you if someone touches your arm?

.

    parietal lobe
    frontal lobe
    occipital lobe
    temporal lobe

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

How do we create a split brain?

.

    By surgically connecting the right and left hemispheres of the brain
    By inhibiting dual processing
    By severing the corpus callosum

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

We only use 10% of our brain.

.

True

.

False

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5

QUESTION 1

.

If our sensory system receives information from the environment, this is called:

.

    absolute threshold
    difference threshold
    perception
    sensation

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

When our brain organizes and interprets sensory information that is called:

.

    difference threshold
    perception
    sensation
    absolute threshold

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

If we want to define a stimulus as subliminal, what is the percent of time we would perceive it?

.

    less than 50%
    100%
    more than 50%
    never

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

Which receptor in the eye is responsible for perceiving color?

.

    optic nerve
    rods
    cones

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

If it is dark out, our eyes make use of what receptors to help us to see – especially in our periphery.

.

    optic nerve
    cones
    rods

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

Which of the following would not be a good example of sensory adaptation?

.

    Bill puts on more cologne even though he already did because he can’t smell it
    Pat gets into the hot tub slowly because it is hot, but the water quickly cools. Pat is surprised when Alex, who is just getting in, comments on how hot the water is.
    Stacy does not notice the airplanes that fly over her apartment regularly
    People with anosmia do not perceive the smells in their environment

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

When we look at the world around us, we process color, movement, form and depth. This processing is called:

.

    dual processing
    Gestalt processing
    parallel processing
    visual processing

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

Dylan looks out his dad’s fourth floor office window and wonders why there are a bunch of matchbox cars outside. He asks if he can go play with them. We can conclude that Dylan is missing which perceptual ablity:

.

    size constancy
    shape constancy
    monocular cues
    binocular cues

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

What effect does experience have on how we perceive the world?

.

    None, we all perceive the world similarly
    It guides our perceptual interpreations
    It allows us to see depth and movement

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

Which of the following is  NOT  a touch sensation?

.

    wetness
    pain
    pressure
    temperature

.

10 points   

QUESTION 11

.

Researchers have been able to replicate ESP effects under controlled conditions.

.

True

.

False

.

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8

 

QUESTION 1

.

What is the term for how we simplify and order the world around us using mental groupings of similar objects, events or ideas?

.

    prototypes
    framing
    concepts
    cognition

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

When I am struggling to come up with a solution to a problem, occasionally I have a a sudden inspiration that allows me to solve my problem. This is referred to as:

.

    heuristic
    framing
    insight
    algorithm

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

Fast, automatic, unreasoned thinking refers to which of the following?

.

    framing
    intuition
    algorithm
    insight

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

When I am in class and giving a lecture, I am most frequently using which area of the brain to produce language?

.

    Wernicke’s area
    Broca’s area
    hypothalamus
    corpus callosum

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

When someone in class asks me a question and I have to understand what they are saying to me, I am most using which area of the brain?

.

    Wernicke’s area
    basal ganglia
    Broca’s area
    corpus callosum

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

If I believe that people have innate abilities that can be fostered in particular areas of intelligence, such as math or music, then I would most agree with which theorist?

.

    Sternberg
    Gardner
    Freud
    Dr. Abraham

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

Animals have language skills that are similar to and can exceed humans.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

Intelligence is heritable.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

In what areas do we see differences in intellectual ability between males and females (choose all that apply).

.

    overall intelligence
    spatial reasoning
    overall math

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

To what do we attribute the observable differences between males and females in intelligence (e.g. language, emotion detection)? Choose all that apply.

.

    evolution
    culture
    biology
    test bias

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 3

 

QUESTION 1

.

Developmental psychologists study:

.

    physical changes
    cognitive changes
    social changes
    all of the above

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

Nature is our __________ and nurture is our __________.

.

    genetic inheritance; our experiences
    stages; continuity
    our experiences; our genetic inheritance
    continuity; stages

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

Which of the following would not be a teratogen:

.

    diabetes
    nicotine
    rubella virus
    cocaine

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

Our emotional reactivity and the intensity of that emotional response is called:

.

    temperament
    personality
    maturation
    conception

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

Stranger anxiety develops shortly after infants develop what cognitive skill?

.

    accommodation
    object permanence
    attachment
    assimilation

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

What is the transition period from childhood to adulthood?

.

    adolescence
    puberty
    attachment
    assimiloation

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

What is the marker for the beginning of adolescence?

.

    puberty
    formal reasoning
    maturation of the frontal lobe
    age 13

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

Who proposed the eight stages of psychosocial tasks we must achieve for healthy psychological development?

.

    Freud
    Vygotsky
    Erikson
    Piaget

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

What do we call the period of development between the age of 18 to the mid-twenties?

.

    young adulthood
    adolescence
    emerging adulthood
    puberty

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

People over the age of 65 report as much happiness and satisfaction with life as younger people do.

.

True

.

False

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 4

QUESTION 1

.

Which of the following terms is defined as the socially influenced characteristics by which people define men and women?

.

    gender
    sex
    social norms
    puberty

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

Which of the following terms is defined as the biologically influenced characteristics by which people define male and female?

.

    sex
    puberty
    maturation
    gender

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

Which of the following influence development?

.

    sex chromosomes
    sex hormones
    both of the above

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

Which of the following terms is defined as how others expect us to act based on being male or female?

.

    gender typing
    gender role
    gender identity

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

Which of the following terms is defined as our own sense of being male or female or some combination of the two?

.

    gender identity
    gender role
    gender typing

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

Which hormone drives men’s sexuality?

.

    estrogen
    testosterone
    papilloma
    petocin

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

Which of the following is most associated with women’s sexuality?

.

    estrogen
    papilloma
    testosterone
    petocin

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

Erotic material can trigger sexual arousal in:

.

    men
    women
    both men and women
    neither men nor women

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

Sexual orientation is associated with mental health.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

Rates of teen intercourse vary between cultures and eras.

.

True

.

False

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9

QUESTION 1

.

What is the goal in drive-reduction theory?

.

    self-actualization
    physiological need
    homeostasis
    incentives

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

Our memory of when we last ate can influence our experience of hunger.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

Twins and adoptions studies indicate genetics does not influence body weight.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

Social isolation can put us at risk for mental and physical health issues.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

People with narcissism are socially inactive.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

Emotions are based only on bodily arousal.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

Emotions have both physical and cognitive components.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

The physical changes our body has when we experience fear and anger are very similar to the body changes we experience with sexual arousal.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

Which of the following help us to detect emotions?

.

    body movements
    facial expressions
    voice tones
    both b & c
    all of the above

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

Which group are better at reading emotional cues and expressing emotion?

.

    men and women equally
    men
    women

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 11

 

QUESTION 1

.

When we see someone trip over a raised piece of sidewalk and fall (without getting hurt), we often think to ourself “what a klutz” as we laugh at them. Social psychologists would attribute this tendency to ignore the environmental factors behind behavior to:

.

    attitudes
    fundamental attribution error
    central route persuasion
    conformity

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

If you change your views based on new information I share in class, then you have engaged in which of the following:

.

    fundamental attribution error
    informational social influence
    peripheral route persuasion
    normative social influence

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

Solomon Asch’s study demonstrated the existence of which principle:

.

    social loafing
    social facilitation
    obedience
    conformity

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

Stanley Milgram’s famous study demonstrated the principle of:

.

    conformity
    social facilitation
    obedience
    social loafing

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

Which of the following is not a component of prejudice?

.

    beliefs
    predispositions
    laws
    emotions

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

If we blame someone who is poor for being poor because they just didn’t try hard enough, then we have justified our beliefs using:

.

    outgroup bias
    the just-world phenomenon
    prejudice
    ingroup bias

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

We tend to fall in love with people for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:

.

    differences
    proximity
    physical attractiveness
    similarity

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

If we experience an unselfish regard for other people, then we are experiencing:

.

    passionate love
    altruism
    equitable relationships
    companionate love

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

Which of the following situations would make us most likely to help someone who has been hurt?

.

    when it is not an emergency so we don’t feel the same level of pressure to help
    when others are around and we want to make a good impression
    when we are the only person around so no one else is available to help
    when we are the oldest person in the group so we feel responsible

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

Which of the following is a good way to resolve conflict between two groups?

.

    create a self-fulfilling prophecy situation
    create shared goals that require them to work together to be successful
    use mirror-image perceptions

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 13

 

QUESTION 1

.

What qualifies behavior as a psychological disorder?

.

    Clinically significant disturbances in cognition
    Clinically significant disturbances in emotion
    Behavior or thoughts that interfere with daily life
    Behavior outside of the norm

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

If you believe that psychological disorders come from the interaction of biological, psychological, and social circumstances, then you would agree with which of the following:

.

    biopsychosocial approach to understanding psychological disorders
    the medical model of understanding psychological disorders
    the epigenetic model for understanding psychological disorders

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

If you have an anxiety disorder in which your anxiety escalates into episodes of dread then you have:

.

    a phobia
    panic disorder
    obsessive-compulsive disorder
    generalized anxiety disorder

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

If you have a mood disorder in which you experience both depression and mania, you would be diagnosed with:

.

    chronic depression
    post-traumatic stress disorder
    major depressive disorder
    bipolar disorder

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

Which of the following is not a characteristic of schizophrenia?

.

    inappropriate emotional expression
    haunting memories
    disorganized speech
    delusions

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

If you experience repetitive thoughts and actions that lead to dysfunctional behavior, you could be diagnosed with:

.

    post-traumatic stress
    obsessive-compulsive disrder
    generalized anxiety disorder
    bipolar depression

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

If you have an irrational fear or avoidance of a specific object, activity or situation, you could be diagnosed with:

.

    schizophrenia
    phobia
    mania
    post-traumatic stress

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

Epigenetics helps us to understand psychological disorders.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

Anorexia nervosa is a condition in which individuals attempt to control their weight through binging and purging.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

Mental disorders most frequently associated with violence.

.

True

.

False

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 14

 

QUESTION 1

.

The treatment that involves treating psychological disorder with medications and other biological treatments is:

.

    eclectic approach
    psychotherapy
    biomedical therapy

.

10 points   

QUESTION 2

.

The treatment for psychological disorders that uses interactions between a trained therapist and a client is:

.

    eclectic therapy
    psychotherapy
    biomedical therapy

.

10 points   

QUESTION 3

.

Psychodynamic therapy focuses on childhood experiences and unconscious feelings.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 4

.

Behavior therapies assume that problem behaviors are the problem.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 5

.

Disassociative disorder is different from multiple personality disorder.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 6

.

One aim of group therapy is to provide help to more people with less cost.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 7

.

Psychotherapy outcome research has found that people who remain untreated often improve.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 8

.

Our lifestyle influences our brain and body, which affects mental health.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 9

.

Drug therapy is the most widely used biomedial therapy.

.

True

.

False

.

10 points   

QUESTION 10

.

Antidepressant drugs depress the central nervous system activity.

.

True

.

False

.

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