Running Head: GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS
GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS
Genetically Modified Organisms
Genetically modified organisms are organisms like plants, animals, microorganism or any other organism which have had its DNA modified through genetic engineering. The live we are living in today is made up of GMOs like plants and animals. Example of foods include dairy product, corn, beans and so forth. The genetically modified organisms have a wide range of benefits like they grow fast, have high nutrition value, resistance to diseases and pesticides, tolerance to adverse weather conditions, and have high conservation of water and soil. Even though the benefits are more, there is a danger to the environment and human health if the scientists not pay attention to the genes used in breeding new organisms. The subject of GMO is very controversial in the society today as some people use the benefits while others use the risks to discuss it.
Even though scientific experts and major scientific authorities over the word have declared that GMOs are safe, it is hard to prove that it is safe but it can be said no hazards have been shown to exist (Hug, 2008). They have the same nutritional value as non-genetically modified organisms and have no links to diseases, cancer and allergies. Before the organisms are genetically modified, they undergo a very exhaustive research and review and then they are released to the market. Averagely, more than 75 studies are conducted to ensure that they are safe for the animals and people as well as the environment. They are harmless to animals and plants as they add the nutritional value of the end product and also production of new breeds which are more productive. Plants that are resistant to pesticides create a better environment as they less poisonous runoff to the rivers. Extensive studies are carried on from time to time to ensure that GMOs are safe for human, animals as well as the environment.
Whether one believes that GMOs are safe or not, they need to be labeled. Even though there are no health risks reported from GMOs, it is important that GMOs in food be labeled at all times. This is because people should be left to choose either to use non-genetically modified foods or GMOs. It is the right of the consumer to know the contents of the food they consume as there is a percentage content that each person requires to consume (Brody, 2018). Some people have allergic reaction to chemicals or certain products which makes it important for foods with GMOs to be labeled so that they can choose what suits them. Another reason why labels are needed on GMOs is ethical or religious reasons where they are not supposed to take foods which I genetically modified. This will also may help in clearing the doubt about safety of GMOs because consumers will be sure of the content level of the product they are consuming.
GMOs provide an economic benefit to people all over the world due to the role they play of reducing the price of foods. The productivity of crops all over the world has increased when genetically engineered crops were planted. The environment is also impacted positively as the farmers use less pesticides on the crops which reduces the level of poisonous runoff to the river sources (Grubbs, 2014). Also this technology of genetic engineering has helped in curbing the climate change effects as food supply can be available in areas with harsh climatic conditions and salty soils. Developing countries with cases of malnutrition are benefiting from GMOs as the crops produced have high amounts of protein, vitamins and minerals required in the body.
In conclusion, just like other industries, agricultural industry has embraced technology and used it to become more sustainable and lucrative. It is not clear whether GMOs are safe or not but the benefits outdo the disadvantages. It is necessary for GMO products be labelled because it is the right of the consumer to know what they are consuming. GMOs have impacted the world as they have provided alternative technology that can increase food production and reduce food prices. Through research needs to be done on GMOs to clear the doubt of safety.
Grubbs, M. E. (2014). Genetically modified organisms. Technology and Engineering Teacher, 73(7), 24.
Hug, K. (2008). Genetically modified organisms: do the benefits outweigh the risks? Medicina, 44(2), 87-99.