Algebraic Geometry

a = 6, b = 2 are the values

Let axyz – ay^3 +xz^2  =bw^3 be a homogenous polynomial in P3(x,y,z,w), describing an algebraic variety V in P3.

1. Show the view of V in affine patches Ux, Uy, Uz, Uw. when x=1,y=1, z=1, w=1.

2. What is the dimension of V?

3. Is V an irreducible variety?

4. Find all singular points.

5. Give the ideal of V. Is it prime? Is your variety irreducible? Describe the ring k(V) = O(V) of polynomials (regular functions) on V.

6. Calculate curvature at (at least two) smooth points.

Curvature_surfaces _definition.docx


7. Describe the symmetries of your surface V. Is it  bounded or unbounded?

8. Can you find a line on your surface?

Plane curve C = (x(t),y(t)): k =1/R of the circle of best fit. k = | x’(t) y’’(t) – x’’(t) y’(t)| /(x’(t)2+y’(t)2)3/2


OR the tangent unit vector T(t) = (x’(t),y’(t))/|| T(t) || , where the norm || T(t) ||T= (x’(t)2+y’(t)2)1/2 .

k(t) = || T’(t) ||= (x’(t)2+y’(t)2)1/2


For a surface V defined by the equation  F (x,y,z,w) = 0  in P3, the Gaussian curvature at  a given point with coordinates point (x,y,z, 1) is given by the formula below.






1. Example:


Let F (x,y,z,w) = x+y+z+w+ 1 = 0  in P3 . Then V is a plane, and take the point (1,-1,-1,1) on the plane. Now consider R3 when w= 1. Then derivatives Fx=1, Fy=1, Fz=1, hence all not zero, i.e. the denominator equals to 9. Since all second derivatives are equal to zero, the numerator is equal to zero. Hence curvature of the plane at the given points 0. But the calculations do not depend on the point we have started with. Therefore the curvature is zero at every point on the plane.


2. Calculate the curvature of all quadratic surfaces.


3. Calculate the curvature of your surface at several  non singular points and analyze the results for a pattern (note you may have to permute the coordinates to make sure that the denominator is not zero!) How does the curvature change on your surface?  Is it always positive or negative?

Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)