1) Early definitions of white-collar crime focused on the

A) the work environment.

B) nature of the crime.

C) the violator involved.

D) All of the above


2) According to Braithwaite, the central explanatory variable in all criminal activity is

A) self-control.

B) learning.

C) inequality.

D) social class.


3) Which of the following is not an example of a structural reform to address white-collar crime?

A) Changing the process by which corporations are chartered to include control

over white collar crime

B) Increasing the funding for enforcement agencies that deal with white-collar


C) Adding members of the public to corporate boards of directors

D) Enhancing the flow of information among businesses, the public, and administrative bodies


4) Prohibition was repealed by passage of the __________ Amendment to the

U.S. Constitution.

A) Twenty-first

B) Eighteenth

C) Twenty-fourth

D) Tenth


5) The St. Valentine’s Day massacre established Al Capone as the undisputed ruler of organized crime in

A) Boston.

B) New York.

C) the United States.

D) Chicago.


6) In 1951, the Senate-sponsored __________ Committee reported the existence of a nationwide crime syndicate operating in many large American cities.

A) Wickersham

B) Kerner

C) Hobbs

D) Kefauver


7) Of the 24 crime families of Sicilian-American heritage that operate in the U.S. today, __________ operate out of New York.

A) five

B) seven

C) ten

D) three




8) The strict unwritten code of conduct of organized crime, which demands silence and loyalty, is known as the


B) Cosa Nostra.

C) tong.

D) omerta.


9) The single most important piece of federal legislation that specifically targets organized crime activities is

A) the Hobbs Act

B) Omerta.

C) the United States Code.



10) __________ is a relatively mild, nonaddictive drug with limited hallucinogenic properties.

A) Librium

B) Marijuana

C) Opium



11) __________ are sometimes known as “gateway drugs” because they often initiate young people into illicit drug use.

A) Hallucinogens

B) Inhalants

C) Marijuana and other forms of cannabis

D) Designer drugs


12) The __________ placed the distribution of a number of essential chemicals used in the production of illicit drugs under federal control.

A) Anti-Drug Abuse Act

B) Chemical Diversion and Trafficking Act

C) Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act

D) Harrison Act


13) The majority of the cocaine entering the United States is smuggled in using

A) private airplanes.

B) commercial airplanes.

C) maritime vessels.

D) overland transportation.


14) Which of the following countries is not located in the Golden Triangle area?

A) Thailand

B) Burma

C) Laos

D) Turkey


15) The sale of heroin to anyone under age 18 was made a capital offense by the __________ Act.

A) Harrison

B) Boggs

C) Controlled Substances

D) Narcotic Control


16) __________ involves purchasing one licensed copy of a piece of software and loading it onto multiple computers.

A) Internet piracy

B) Renting

C) Softlifting

D) Hard disk loading


17) __________ involves using official-looking e-mail messages to steal valuable information.

A) Cloning

B) Phishing

C) Softlifting

D) Phreaking


18) The __________ Act is part of the 2002 Homeland Security Act.

A) No Electronic Theft

B) Communications Decency

C) Cyber Security Enhancement

D) Computer Fraud and Abuse


19) __________ attempt to duplicate the decision-making processes used by skilled investigators in evidence analysis.

A) Expert systems

B) Audit trails


D) DNA systems


20) The Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection Directorate operates within the

A) Department of Homeland Security.

B) Federal Bureau of Investigation.

C) National Infrastructure Protection Center.

D) Department of Justice.


21) Which of the following is an element of human smuggling?

A) The person being smuggled does not have to cross an international border.

B) The person being smuggled is generally cooperating.

C) The person being smuggled is coerced.

D) The person being smuggled is exploited or forced to perform some type of



22) GovNet is

A) the United States’ primary infrastructure.

B) a new form of cyberterrorism.

C) a private government network with no connectivity with commercial or public


D) none of the above.





23) According to the CIA, the end goal of al-Qaeda is

A) to commit bioterrorism.

B) to use LME on American aircraft.

C) to use WMDs.

D) to commit domestic terrorism.


24) Which of the following is not one of the five directorates of the Department of Homeland Security?

A) Office of Private Sector Liaison

B) Science and Technology

C) Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection

D) Border and Transportation Security


25) The most active state sponsor of terrorism in the world is

A) Iran.

B) North Korea.

C) Cuba.

D) Iraq.