Please follow all instructions there are two parts of the discussion please read carefully?
An individual’s first priority is survival. Those are the basic instincts that prompt us to drink when we are thirsty, eat when hungry, rest when weary, and fight or flee when threatened. Survival does not provide much opportunity to ponder who we are as individuals, what our potential may be as human beings, and how to discover and “actualize” those possibilities.
Humanistic theorists, however, believe that when basic needs are met, a person’s attention naturally turns to those other higher priorities. In fact, the ideas of achievement and unlimited potential—as well as self-actualization, a term that you will meet in the Learning Resources this week—are prevalent in humanistic personality theories. In Week 3 you will explore the theories and contributions of two prominent humanists, psychologists Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. As you did in your study of psychoanalytic theories in Week 2, you will consider the strengths and limitations of humanistic theories and how they apply to an understanding of personality.
You also have not seen the last of Sigmund Freud. For the Discussion this week, you will compare how Freud and Rogers would explain some uniquely 21st century behaviors.
Note: To access this week’s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the Course Materials section of your Syllabus.
Cervone, D., & Pervin, L. A. (2019). Personality: Theory and research (14th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Chapter 5, “A Phenomenological Theory: Carl Rogers’s Person-Centered Theory of Personality” (pp. 127-146)
Chapter 6, “Rogers’s Phenomenological Theory: Applications, Related Theoretical Conceptions, and Contemporary Research” (pp. 147-179)Review these chapters of the text to support your Discussion post and Assignment in Week 3. Also note that the Week 3 Test for Understanding is based on the material in these chapters.
Goldfried, M. R. (2007). What has psychotherapy inherited from Carl Rogers? Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 44(3), 249–252.
Read this article on Rogers’ influence on the practice of therapy to expand your understanding of his ideas and contributions to the field of psychology.
Document: Carl Rogers Case Study (PDF)
Read this Case Study on Katherine for your Application Assignment
These websites profile the two humanistic theorists featured this week. Access and read each profile to prepare for your Assignment in Week 3. The profile of Rogers can also support your Week 3 Discussion post.
Note: You used this web profile in Week 2 for information on Freud. Review it again to support your Week 3 Discussion post.
Seidman, G. (2015, July 2). Close encounters: What can you learn about people from Facebook? [Web log post]. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/close-encounters/201507/what-can-you-learn-about-people-facebook
Read this online blog from the publication Psychology Today to help support your Discussion post in Week 3.
TED (Producer). (2010). Chip Conley: Measuring what makes life worthwhile [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.ted.com/talks/chip_conley_measuring_what_makes_life_worthwhile.html (17:40)
Chip Conley, hotel founder and author, reflects on Maslow’s theories and explains his own interpretation. View the presentation to support your Week 3 Assignment.
Qiu, L., Lu, J., Yang, S., Qu, W., & Zhu, T. (2015). What does your selfie say about you? Computers in Human Behavior, 52, 443–449. Retrieved from http://www.ntu.edu.sg/home/linqiu/publications/selfie.pdf
Slaughter, S. (2015, December 12). Text me? Ping me? Communications overload in the digital age. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/13/style/text-me-ping-me-communications-overload-in-the-digital-age.html?_r=0
Note: Although not required reading, you may choose to use one or both articles to help prepare your Discussion post.
Read the Discussion Spark topic/question or comment posted by your Instructor in the Discussion Thread.
With these thoughts in mind:
Post a 1- to 2-paragraph response to the Discussion Spark.
To access your rubric:
Week 3 Discussion Spark Rubric
To participate in this Discussion:
Week 3 Discussion Spark
Imagine both Sigmund Freud and Carl Rogers transported to your community. Imagine them walking into a name-brand coffee shop and looking around. Virtually everyone is on a device. People sit side by side texting on their phones but rarely speaking. At some tables, individuals or small groups are capturing the moment by taking selfies. Many people work on laptops or tablets, including those who are busy checking their Facebook pages or other social media sites. Some upload their selfies to their own Facebook pages, to report their whereabouts, recommend the shop’s excellent brew, or share their latest challenge or achievement, to which Facebook friends respond with comfort or praise.
How would Freud respond to this activity? How would Rogers? In this Discussion, you will draw on the Learning Resources, as well as background information on the societies in which Freud and Rogers lived, to consider the influence of their setting on the way they viewed people and how they would likely explain common behaviors in modern American society.
Post a response that includes the following:
Note: Be sure to support the responses within your initial Discussion post (and in your colleague reply) with information obtained from the assigned Learning Resources, including in-text citations and a reference list for sources used. For information regarding how your Discussion will be evaluated, please review the grading rubric located in the Course Information area of the course.
Respond to at least one of your colleagues in one or more of the following ways:
Support your reply to a colleague’s post with at least one reference (textbook or other scholarly, empirical resources). You may state your opinion and/or provide personal examples; however, you must also back up your assertions with evidence (including in-text citations) from the source and provide a reference.
To access your rubric:
Week 3 Discussion Rubric
To participate in this Discussion:
Week 3 Discussion