Discussion Questions: (Remember: You may use ONE of these or any concept that you find in the chapter. You may start a new topic or respond to the existing one.)
200 words or more for supplemental responses. Just “I agree” or “I disagree” or “it is a good point” etc. are not acceptable discussion posts. Please write actual facts on the students post.
This is the post =
In general, do you think that criminological theories are developed within their societal contexts? Meaning they do not have the same theoretical power in explaining criminality/deviance outside their respective societal context. In other words, could criminological theories have the same theoretical power in other countries in the world? Explain why or why not supported with examples.
Criminological theories could very well be applicable in other collective groups and societies, outside of the social construct where it was developed. As human nature and psychology is universal, we may adapt differently depending on the kind of environment we are in – in the case of Symbolic Interaction, the social and interpersonal associations that are created by an individual. But the concept of response is the same across the board.
For example, Social Learning Theory, it tells us that people will mimic or repeat the behaviors of those around them if they think the behavior results in a reward or a lack of discipline. “Adding to F. Skinner’s earlier version of operant learning theory by including imitation and modeling of behavior” (Williams et. al, 2018) Essentially, saying that people will do things that get them what they want in a way that keeps them from being repudiated by an authority.
In the case of our president, the things that Trump says and the gestures he makes tells us that it’s okay to lack civility and treat others as less than yourself for any reason at any time. That wealth overrides law. Individual more than the whole. His behavior has only emboldened people to feel as though acting with no empathy or sympathy is how one “wins.” In my only partially-educated opinion, the people who are voting for Trump might not be looking at the big picture. They just want to win, as an individual, instead of as a collective. Nation divided not united.
Focusing on self-interest, behavior that is taught will result in reward.
And this is a behavior that crosses all borders, that can be seen from Boris leaving the EU in seeking to make the U.K independent of a collective in its own self-pursuits. Or Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil seeking to gain profits at environmental consequences. Which leads to a ripple effect of deviant behavior and response across every culture and continent.
Williams, F. P., & McShane, M. D. (2018). Criminological theory (Seventh ed.). New York: