Emergency Management Women Refuse To Respond

3

 

 

 

 

 

How Work-life Conflict Causes Challenges for Women

Serving in Emergency Response Roles

 

Name: Linda J. Gonzalez

 

 

Doctor of Philosophy Criminal Justice – Emergency Management

A00611348

 

 

Table of Contents

Chapter One: Introduction 1

1.1 Background of The Study 1

1.2 Problem Statement 1

1.3 Background Literature Review; 2

The Key Concepts of women response to urgent job calls with family needs baggage 2

1.4 Objectives of The Study 4

1.5 Research Questions 5

1.6 Scope of The Study 5

1.7 Justification of The Study 6

1.8 Limitations of The Study 6

Chapter Two: Literature Review 8

2.1 Introduction 8

2.2 The State of Women and Employment 8

2.3 Theoretical Framework 12

2.4 Conceptual Framework 15

2.5 Literature Gap 16

Chapter Three: Research Methodology 17

3.1 introduction 17

3.2 research design 17

3.3 The Research Study Population and Sampling Models 17

3.4 Data Analysis and Reporting 18

 

ii

 

Chapter 1: Introduction to the Study

Introduction

There exists a challenge in the way many women in careers responding to emergencies, such as firefighters, police officers, medical response and now in the growing emergency management field, can manage to accurately and efficiently respond to disasters and not worry about their families while they are actively deployed. The challenge that women in these critical life-saving careers are often faced with is to respond to disasters or to evacuate or shelter in place with their families. The choice is a difficult one and can often be decided if there is a different solution such as another member in the household that could tend to the family, resulting in the responding woman being able to focus on response and recovery. Women in these first responder roles that deal with emergency response, are the primary personnel that have reported an insistent challenge in quick response to job calls as there is almost always no one else to take care of their families while they are gone. The need to respond during disasters is often quick, unscheduled, and unplanned for. The need to find care for family members at home will often be hard to find if the planned solution is themselves attempting to deal with the event. Often times, there is an organization policy that determines who in the company is required to respond to those emergencies. It is those policies that women often cannot take a role in these positions because they are contradictory to what is required of them at home. New challenges are brought in by industry’s changes and the varying degrees of emergent situations requirements. However, there has not been quality research studies that provide sufficient knowledge to address the challenges that women emergency responders may adopt to improve the level of their urgent job calls when thy have families to care. This research aims to bridge the knowledge gap and provide information for effective decision making for women who may be required to respond to emergent work conditions even when they have no one else to take care of their families.

Homeland Security Presidential Directive / HSPD-8 defines the term “first responder” as “individuals who in the early stages of an incident are responsible for the protection and preservation of life, property, evidence, and the environment, including emergency response providers as defined in section 2 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101), as well as emergency management, public health, clinical care, public works, and other skilled support personnel (such as equipment operators) that provide immediate support services during prevention, response, and recovery operations” (Department of Homeland Security, 2003). (Find updated reference from DHS)

1.2 Problem Statement

One of the key challenges that women are realizing is they are becoming the primary breadwinners in their households or that they familial dynamic is different than others in their same fields. This is especially the case in women who serve in first responder roles. This is because as people, especially women need time to take care of their families, there is also the call to have them commit their time to carry out their duties at work (Wang et al., 2013). This prompted the corporates to define the time when people should be working, specifying the time to report to work and the time to leave work. For vital roles that require continuous involvements, there have been developed shifts that allow all the workers to have time and sessions to execute their roles. However, there are still personal challenges realized when it comes to the need for women to execute a vital role that requires the use of emergency calls and reports to work (Wang et al., 2013). Emergency response roles pose great challenges to women in terms of the need for activation during disasters when they have sole roles to take care of their families. Women, (insert statement from research article). As a result, their requirements may commit them beyond the time needed for work, and especially where emergency responses are needed (Smith, 2015). This research paper explores the position of women in the development of key values leading to the need to realize social roles of family care vis-a-vis the need achieves ambient execution of duties in the emergency service provisions. By the end of this research study analysis, it would be useful to analyze different options that women with sole roles to take care of their families may take whenever emergency job calls arise for their attention. The goal of this research is to encourage women who have special familial challenges to continue seeking employment in first responder roles. The industry and research is lagging behind on solutions for these critical women to do both of working in their desired careers and have confidence in their home life during unscheduled disasters.

1.3 Background Literature Review;

The Key Concepts of women response to urgent job calls with family needs baggage

According to the research study by Agocs, Langan, and Sanders, (2015), special mothers (single, or with special family needs) who also double up with roles in the police force normally find it very difficult to be able to adequately address the needs of the family vis-a-vis the work requirements (Edin & Lein, 2017). The elements that the research report outlined included the long working hours and schedule changes. Moreover, such mothers may have young children who still need close nursing attention and care and so when they leave to respond to emergency calls to dutiful activities, they have no one else to take care of their families back at home (Agocs, Langan, and Sanders, 2015). Therefore, police mothers may find it very difficult to respond to dutiful calls to work when they have no one else to take care of their families they leave behind, especially when the call to duty is urgent. (Ciabatta, 2017).

The challenges that women go through in the need to respond to emergent work calls when they have family responsibilities is a major factor that may impact on their employment prospects. According to Beatty and Davis, (2012), the key challenges that have been realized towards the need to respond to emergency work situations when they have no one else to take care of their families behind their back have prompted some employers to consider not employing women. This is, however, not only in the areas of particular industries like city management, but they are more pronounced in areas that may require rapid responses from the employees like the disaster management departments as well as the medical or military management areas. Many women who have no one else to help them take care of their families may not respond to urgent calls to work because of the family ties (Du Plessis, O’Sullivan, & Rentschler, 2014).

Women have also become the new breadwinners in society (Bart Feld, 2013). This is a case where the women have also become the major players in the industry where they actively participate in the mainstream employment opportunities to achieve the vital family daily provisions (Medvedev, 2016). Gender roles in the society and in the face of the family, however, have not changed much and the mother is still the one in charge of the family needs and affairs. The mother still needs to nurse the children and ensure that the family is socially knit and bound closely for the enriched environment of quality growth and affection. This has forced many mothers, some acting a single parent to look out for employment opportunities, sometimes in urgent job call areas like military and hospitals. The impacts that work have on such mothers who are active participants in the mainstream employment requirements have also been noted significantly. For instance, Sheikh et al., (2018) noted that mothers who seek solutions to achieve the work and family conflict resolution have not yet got any lasting solution to the problems they face. This is even more pronounced for women who have reached the top of their career and are therefore managers in their organizations (Knorr, 2011). The same research study outcome was also confirmed by the developments realized through the Wang, Parker, and Taylor, (2013) research report. It was indicating that there is at least four in ten households that have the mother as breadwinner and the trend is fact increasing (Dais, Ghadames, & Salute, 2016). This is a major worry to stakeholders who also know the mothers as key players who have significant social and work ties (Wang, Parker, & Taylor, 2013).

1.4 Objectives of The Study

The main objective of the study is to determine how work and family care needs conflict causes challenges for women.

Specific objectives

· To determine the challenges that women employees have realized in the need to respond to urgent work calls when they have no one else to look after their families

· To analyze the approaches that women use to address the challenge they realize in allocating time to respond to urgent job calls even if they have no one else to look after their families.

· To explore ways that women can adopt to improve their respond levels to urgent work call s when they have no one else to look after their families behind their back

1.5 Research Questions

· What are the challenges that women employees have realized in the need to respond to urgent work calls when they have no one else to look after their families?

· Which approaches can women take to address the challenge they realize in allocating time to respond to urgent job calls even if they have no one else to look after their families?

· How can women adopt ways to improve their respond levels to urgent work call s when they have no one else to look after their families behind their back?

1.6 Scope of The Study

The study aims to address the challenges that women face when they attempt to improve their families and work duties in terms of time requirements. The research, therefore, explores the areas in which women employees have found key challenges when they attempt to allocate their time to their families, and at the same time, attempt to allocate their time to the work requirements especially when they should respond to urgent work when they have no one else to take care of their families. Normally, the limited time allocated for the family can be interrupted by work. Attempts that the women have tried to excel both in the families and at the places of work have met significant resistances based on logistical requirements especially if there are no other people to help the mothers to take care of families.

The analysis, therefore, will explore the different approaches that have worked for some women, and those that have been attempted and failed. The aim is to provide a useful explanation that other women can adopt to improve their work and family time allocations when they have no one else to help them care for the families and they have urgent work duties. The final area of focus the study will touch is to devise the solutions that women employees can adopt to improve the success to which they can respond to urgent work duties with families requiring their attention. The last objective, therefore, is to analyze all the available options that have been attempted and present the most viable solution that women employees may consider whenever they encounter the challenges related to understanding how to adequately respond to urgent work needs considering their families.

1.7 Justification of The Study

Women employees are many across different sectors, and their numbers keep increasing. Moreover, it is worth noting that the women employees who have gained successes in their careers have also managed to explore and achieve greater success to the point of considerations for management roles. The challenges that women face with every increase in the work complexities shave been much. However, the rate at which research projects have been undertaken to realign the women worktime with family remains scanty. Almost every year, with the new introduction of policies regulating work and with changes in the work structures, there is always a reason for increased research and knowledge that can advise the women employees in the best direction to take to improve their job response time with family considerations. This is the reason why a study like the current one is vital in helping in boosting the available knowledge on how women employees can manage to make quick responses to duty calls with no one else to help them take care of their families.

1.8 Limitations of The Study

The study will be limited by the number of cases that can be analyzed. Notably, there are so many cases of women who have been challenged in finding the best solution for quick response to urgent job calls when they have families to take care of with no one lese to help them. On the other hand, many women have also made successful fast response time even though they have close family ties. The populations of study are, therefore, very high and the sampling model used should be able to give the best and most fair recommendations based on the study outcome. Reaching such a study sample may be a bigger challenge in the research. Moreover, the research may be limited with time available and allocated. Such a study would be best carried out through primary data analysis. However, due to limited time, it might be difficult to carry out a highly detailed study. The study, following that it will touch on the individual person may have data sensitivity issues that may also limit the level of success in data availability and analysis. However, with proper planning, it is always possible to provide the best possible solutions to the data collection problems.

 

 

Chapter Two: Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

The second chapter of the project was useful in the development of the organizational literature review models. The chapter is useful in exploring the existing literature that is useful in explaining how the social case mothers can be impacted and challenged by the development of the emergency work requirements. The chapter begins from the literature review analysis that attempts to look at what people have done in the industry concerning the plight of the mothers with special cases and the job requirements they need to endure. The chapter then progresses to look into the theoretical framework. In these cases, key theories that can help in understanding the development of the organizational and social value towards women assertiveness are also addressed. The chapter also explains the other elements of theoretical developments in the explanations of women’s positions in developing economic duties despite their challenging social roles. Moreover, the chapter also presents the conceptual framework as well as the literacy gaps that exist in the topical area and that needs to be addressed.

2.2 The State of Women and Employment

Women’s involvement in mainstream roles and employment opportunities has been hailed as one of the ways in which the family finances can be improved (Sheikh et al., 2018). Ove the years, it has been a useful element to note that women involved in the family income stream have been considered a useful way to support the husband and improve the chances of family success. However, the more the women get involved in the economic generating activities, the higher the complexities that arise in their quest to make urgent job calls despite their family needs and the economic or work-related needs. Women play vital roles in the family especially in doing the house chores (Medvedev, 2016). The kinds of activities that require their attention in the homes are equally tasking. Added to their ultimate role of nursing both the unborn and the older children, the position of women in the society faces a great challenge based on their attempt to make quick job appearances despite their family needs when they have no one else to help them look after the families.

At the place of work, women have been daring and taking on the roles that they have not been seeing before. The boldness of the women has resulted from the self-belief and determination that arises from the school where they learn the very courses that people had initially reserved for the men (Agocs, Langan, & Sanders, 2015). Even on taking what was initially referred to as technical courses, they have performed exemplarily well in the examinations and the evaluation processes. Given a chance, women have also performed well in the job markets, sometimes even outshining the men who have been working gender bias in the industries. Therefore, there should not be discrimination at the place of work based on the abilities of the different gender, and at the same time, orchestrated from the elements of gender bias.

The research report by Adams and Stewart, (2015) indicated that the New Orleans Police Department faced significant challenges in deploying women rescue team who had several family ties and need to nurse the children. Notably, rapid response teams do work based on the needs that arise whenever a calamity strikes. In some cases, people need to be called upon to work even if they were not scheduled to work. This is a difficult case with women responders who may have strong family ties that may hinder their efficiency in handling the related emergency work requirements. Some kind of challenges had already been identified as well in earlier disaster response requirements like during Hurricane Katrina (Executive Office of the United States, 2006)

Though the women have in some cases experienced significant challenges in making rapid responses to the work requirements, they have done fairly well in cases where emergency work is not a key attribute of work. For instance, women have also served as judges and magistrates with sterling performances. They have managed to increase the presence the profile of women capabilities even in the significant roles like litigation (Helfgott et al., 2018). This indicates that women are not really bad performers at work. Whenever they fail to perform according to the expectations, it is always because there is something that holds them back. Family and social requirements that hold back women are vital in their career development. Notably, the career development path for women is much slower than that of men (Agocs, Langan, & Sanders, 2015). This is true because they have to spend more efforts and energy on time managing their families alongside the need to have their focus on carer developments.

The fact that the study focuses upon the challenges that the women face in their roles aimed at creating ways to have faster response to urgent job calls when they also consider family does not mean men have no such challenges. Like the women, the men also face the problem on the need to create quality times of their families as well as achieving the work-related goals. However, looking at the challenges of women are also considered based on their modal roles in the homes (Dresden et al., 2018). Within the families, there are some gender roles that are given to women through nature, and they cannot change or be transferred. Elements like carrying an unborn child and taking significant time breastfeeding as well as nursing are core challenges that cannot be delegated. As responsible family members, the women need to be mothers and to take care of their families (Agocs, Langan, & Sanders, 2015). However, such decisions are significantly changing because women may not manage to find adequate time for their family ambitions when the job requirements need consideration.

According to Dresden et al., (2018), women have also faced significant kinds of gender-based biased in male-dominated jobs and careers. Women are discriminated based on the denied opportunities for further training and promotion at the place of work. Further, some women are also discriminated in the salaries and remunerations where they are paid less compared to what men counterparts have been paid. The reasons for the development of the different types and cases of gender-based discrimination at the place of work are dynamic and varied. In some cases, critical training opportunities have not been given to women with the fear that sooner, they may require to get maternal leave, thus challenging the need of the organizations to sponsor an employee for the vital training (Dresden et al., 2018). The unfortunate situations are true and further leads to challenges of women’s progressive career at the place of work. When men have been given the opportunity to attend the additional training needed and opportunities, they become better informed and ready to work than women. Therefore, they can easily get promoted and considered for key areas of growth requirements.

The challenge of unpredictable schedules has also followed women in other industries as well as those that traditionally require rapid responses. For instance, Henly and Lambert, (2014) indicated that even in the retail sector, women employees are not able to respond to the emergencies that may result from the nature of work. Unpredictable work timing has been noted as one of the biggest challenges that women have realized in the labor market for women (Kellmereit, 2015).

Women who are single mothers or those with special challenges, therefore, find it increasingly difficult to find a lasting point for the development of the right approach for the realization of quality urgent job response time with family requirements when they have no one else to care for their children. Notably, the same fate affects those women who have to leave behind their families to take up the emergency roles despite the increasing need to have them develop a sociable environment for their ailing parents, siblings or even children.

2.3 Theoretical Framework

There are different kinds of theories that can be useful in providing quality explanations and explorations into the kind of work that women with special challenges. The theoretical models are useful in defining the key requirements of the general factors that can inform the kind of roles assigned to any given gender in society. Women who have social duties and requirements like those who take care of their siblings, parents, and children have magnified challenges and problems that need to be fully analyzed and discussed. Some of the key theories that can be used to explain the position of the women towards the development of the right models and structures therefor include the social roles theory, the feminist theory, and the conflict theory. Each of these theories is useful in explaining a key given element that would be useful in addressing the women need is society. Each of the theories has a profound impact in the society, thus developing strong conditional situations and challenges aimed at realizing the right approaches that can be undertaken to improve the quality of experiences that women may have in the market and in the society.

2.3.1 Social Roles Theory

Social roles theory attempts to draw the difference between men and women and what the difference means to either gender (Young, 2017). The special roles theory posits that the main difference between men and women is basically the kind of behaviour that everyone chooses based on what society puts upon their gender. The social role theory, therefore, believes that being a man or a woman is based on the social approvals within the community. The approvals, however, are based on one behaving is a certain way that the community expects in line with the sex the personal fins themselves at birth.

According to the theory, therefore, there is some kind of behaviour that is reserved for men and other kinds of behaviours that are reserved for women. Anyone who moves across and identifies with a behaviour that is not specific to their gender is considered a person who has done what is not necessary (Young, 2017). When the element of special case women with the need to take care of their children, siblings and old parents single handled arises, the social role theory notes that it is ok they undergo such roles. However, when the need to look for money to the family, particularly doing those roles that are emergency in nature, the theory of the social role notes that such person is special case individuals in society. There should, therefore, be set up ways that can help in reducing the adverse effects of the conditions such women undergo to take care of special family’s single handle and still achieve their work requirement goals through taking emergency work roles.

2.3.2 Feminism Theory

According to the feminist theory, there is a need for the society to examine itself through reflecting on the roles and responsibilities that have been placed upon every gender and thus identifying the inequalities in roles assignment (Price & Shildrick, 2017). The feminist theory, therefore, focuses on the examinations of the society based on the roles it has placed on women, despite the glaring bias contained in such roles. The theory further explains that women have been assigned roles that are far more than what the men can undertake. Apart from taking care of the families, the women are also expected to helping the search for basic needs for the families. Such unfairness only leads to complexities in the roles assigned to women when the situations cannot lead to the efficiencies in executing the roles.

The feminist theory, therefore, advocates for the attempted development of equality between gender. This equality is particularly important in the case of the gender roles assignment and values (Price & Shildrick, 2017). It is also important, therefore, to note that the best approach that can be taken is to ensure there is quality in the development of the role’s assignment. People who have the socially assigned roles of taking care of the special group’s interests in the society like the women taking care of their families and yet still expected to undertaken emergency response roles should be given deeper consideration and possible help (Price & Shildrick, 2017). It means that the role they have been assigned are diverse and they are not possible undertaken on an individual level.

2.3.3 Conflict Theory

According to Karl max who suggested the theory, he noted that the society is in a state of continuous conflict between individuals and groups who are interested in owning the resources that are in limited supply (Goldman, Cooper, & Kugler, 2017). The challenges that people experience therefore are varied and may at times lead to situations where there is a misunderstanding based on who should be in charge of any given resource any given time. Therefore, according to the social conflict theory, it is useful to understand that even the people in charge of the conflict, the special women with social families to take care of, alongside the special emergency assignments also need to be in positions to understand the values of the theory. The women with special case families, like siblings, children and old parents who need their full attention must, therefore, find solutions that would be ideal for the development of accurate scope and structures (Goldman, Cooper, & Kugler, 2017). The theory can also be used to explain and address the needs of society based on the core requirements in the areas of resources availability and usage.

The use of the theories is therefore important in explaining the roles, the executions and the positions of the special women’s in the society. The social women are those charged with the responsibilities to take care of their family members who are not in positions to take care of themselves and at the same time seek to secure than basic needs through the undertaking of special roles in the society (Goldman, Cooper, & Kugler, 2017). The women, therefore, may have younger children of their own, or possibly siblings or they might have old and ailing parents who need a lot of attention, but again the jobs they do may also require urgent attention. Therefore, they run into situations that require their attention from both ends. They may want to remain home and provide the nursing care to the family members, but the deployment they also get take them away from the families in emergency roles assignment cases. Such commissions may lead to conflicts that incapability that might be seen on the women.

2.4 Conceptual Framework

 

 

 

 

The conceptual framework shows the relationship between the dependent and the independent variables the independent variable include the need to determine the challenges that special case women employees have realized in the need to make urgent appearances to urgent job calls when they have families with no one else to help them take care. Moreover, the independent variables also include the need to analyze the approaches that women use to address the challenge they realize in allocating quality time between their family needs and their job needs.

Women with special families, like single mothers or those who take care of their sibling or old sickling parents equally need to seek employment, and sometimes the only opportunities available involve these assignments that require them to accept emergency assignments. They may need to work in the role that may require them to leave their families on urgent notice and then stay away from such families for many weeks, months or even years. The kind of arrangements that such mothers would need are special in nature a suit helps to draw closer to the understanding of the key variables and characteristics of the socially assigned roles.

2.5 Literature Gap

The study reveals that there have been many research projects that have been developed to help in evening the role of women in society. The studies have therefore focused upon the gender roles assigned to the women in the society based on the roles assigned to the men. In addition, there have been a lot of studies that have been undertaken in a society based on gender inequalities. The economic role that women have undertaken in society has also been given a lot of attention and focus on the published research study projects. However, there is one area that the studies have not addressed, the case of women from special families, with the need to take care of their children, old and sickling parents or siblings that need daily attention and the possibility of having assigned rile that are emergency nature. The current study, therefore, will be important in ensuring that the kind of study analysis would be useful in ensuring there is a closer understanding of the women roles in the development of the right study approaches.

 

 

 

Chapter Three: Research Methodology

3.1 introduction

The chatter is useful in addressing the need for the development of the right approaches towards data collections models, the data analysis and reporting structures. There is a need to define the research design the sampling plan and the kind of data to be collected from the research study. Moreover, there is need to define the kind of reviews and statistical analysis that would help in addressing the needed solutions to the topical areas of the conflicts that special women realize in taking emergency roles at work yet they have special fails that need theory unending attention. This chapter presents the development of focused explanations about these key areas in the research project.

3.2 research design

The research design will be based on the desktop review of the existing literature materials based on the published academic materials in the area of study. The modeled outcome would, therefore, be useful in addressing the need to have the right approach towards the development and the achievement of the organizational values and structures. The research design that will be adopted by this study will include the review of the published data.

The empirical review of the existing literature is carried out to help in explaining the core values a procedure necessary for the development of success in the research work. Therefore, there is need to have the right framework of data collection approach that would be useful in identifying the key areas of need, and thus designing research elements that would be useful in addressing the key requirements in every area.

3.3 The Research Study Population and Sampling Models

The study population is the total number of items that should be included in the study. The items include the subjects that should be involved in the study towards the determinations on the right research study outcome. Moreover, there is always the need to have the study developed to identify the core values and structures in the are of study. Therefore, the study design will include all the published books, journals, and other literature that has attempted to explain why women may experience differences in the social role’s assignment.

Since the published data is large, there is a need to make use of samples to deliver on the premise of the research study assignment. The sampling models that will be used in the case of the study, therefore, will be based on the selection of the right texts to be included in the research. The inclusions criteria will involve the choice of the article that has a relevant topic to the topical areas. The article must also be modern in natures and they must have also been peer-reviewed or published books. It is the selections of the right literature materials that will be able to help in addressing the right kind of topics and availing accurate information’s that can draw useful conclusions towards adding of knowledge into the field.

Moreover, there would be an exclusion criterion to be applied in the selection of the articles for the research. These article with a key focus on the area of study, but they are old enough may be excluded as such information they contain are stale and no longer applicable in the study data. If the old data must be including, they must have special roles like the development of comparison role in the contexts of the study. Other materials with irrelevant topics will also be excluded from the research study as well as they add little to the development of the right knowledge requirements.

3.4 Data Analysis and Reporting

Once the right data have been collected, they will be designed through analytical procedures. The reporting of the data trends and the design of the visualization elements would all be useful in the development of the organizational values and structures. Moreover, it is important that the development of the right organizational framework is important in the realizations of the organizational values and structures. The elements that are necessary for the development of the right organizational support would be ideal in ensuring that only the right data have bee included in the study. Data reporting will thus follow based on the provided analytical tops and procedures.

 

 

 

 

 

References

Adams, T., & Stewart, L. (2015). Chaos theory and organizational crisis: A theoretical analysis of the challenges faced by the New Orleans Police Department during Hurricane Katrina. Public Organization Review, 15(3), 415-431. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1007/s11115-014-0284-9.

Dais, T. A., Ghadames, G., & Salute, E. L. (2016). Work-family balance: a case analysis of coping strategies adopted by Nigerian and British working mothers. Gender in Management: An International Journal31(7), 414-433.

Agocs, T., Langan, D., & Sanders, C. B. (2015). Police mothers at home: Police work and

Agocs, T., Langan, D., & Sanders, C. B. (2015). Police mothers at home: Police work and danger-protection parenting practices. Gender & Society29(2), 265-289.

Bart Feld, J. (2013). Single mothers, emergency food assistance, and food stamps in the welfare reform era. Journal of Consumer Affairs37(2), 283-304.

Beatty, L., & Davis, T. J. (2012). Gender disparity in professional city management: Making The case for enhancing leadership curriculum. Journal of Public Affairs Education, 18(4), 624.

Ciabatta, T. (2007). Single mothers, social capital, and work-family conflict. Journal of Family Issues28(1), 34-60.

Dresden, B. E., Dresden, A. Y., Ridge, R. D., & Yamawaki, N. (2018). No Girls Allowed: Women in Male-Dominated Majors Experience Increased Gender Harassment and Bias. Psychological Reports121(3), 459-474.

Du Plessis, J., O’Sullivan, J., & Rentschler, R. (2014). Multiple layers of gender diversity on corporate boards: To force or not to force. Deakin L. Rev.19, 1.

Edin, K., & Lein, L. (2017). Making ends meet: How single mothers survive welfare and low-wage work. Russell Sage Foundation.

Executive Office of the United States. (2006). The Federal response to Hurricane Katrina:

Goldman, B. M., Cooper, D. A., & Kugler, T. (2017). A Realistic Group Conflict Theory Approach to Racial Discrimination against Ex-Felons in Hiring. In Academy of Management Proceedings (Vol. 2017, No. 1, p. 14625). Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510: Academy of Management.

Helfgott, J. B., Gunnison, E., Murtagh, A., & Navejar, B. (2018). BADASSES: The Rise of conflicts. Pyrex Journal of Business and Finance Management Research, 4(5), 48-57.

danger-protection parenting practices. Gender & Society29(2), 265-289.

Henly, J. R., & Lambert, S. J. (2014). Unpredictable work timing in retail jobs: Implications for employee work-life conflict. ILR Review, 67(3), 986-1016.

home demands on work-life balance: Mediating role of work-family

Kellmereit, B. (2015). Focus groups. International Journal of Sales, Retailing & Marketing4(9), 42-52.

Knörr, H. (2011). From top management to entrepreneurship: women’s next move? International Journal of Manpower32(1), 99-116.

Lessons learned. Washington, D.C. White House.

Medvedev, C. E. (2016). The new female breadwinner: Discursively doing and undoing gender

Primary Provider in Four-in-Ten Households with Children-Public Conflicted about the Growing Trend. Pew Research Centre, Washington DC.

relations. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 44(3), 236. Retrieved from

Price, J., & Shildrick, M. (2017). Feminist theory and the body: a reader. Routledge.

Sheikh, M. A., Ashiq, A., Mehar, M. R., Hasan, A., & Khalid, M. (2018). Impact of work and

Smith, E. (2015). Willingness to work during a terrorist attack: A case-study of first responders during the 9/11 World Trade Centre terrorist attacks. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine, 6(1). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.33151/ajp.6.1.441.

Wang, W., Parker, K., and Taylor, P. (2013). Breadwinner Moms: Mothers Are the Sole or

women in criminal justice. Women & Criminal Justice, 28(4), 235-261. Doi:10.1080/08974454.2018.1468296. Retrieved from https://www-tandfonline-com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/doi/pdf/10.1080/08974454.2018.1468296?needAccess=true.

Young, I. M. (2017). Gender as seriality: Thinking about women as a social collective. In Gender and Justice (pp. 3-28). Routledge.

 

 

Quality response for both special case familes and emergency job roles

 

 

To determine the challenges that women employees have realized in the need to respond to urgent work calls when they have no one else to look after their families

 

 

To analyze the approaches that women use to address the challenge they realize in allocating time to respond to urgent job calls even if they have no one else to look after their families.

 

 

To explore ways that women can adopt to improve their respond levels to urgent work call s when they have no one else to look after their families behind their back

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How Work-life Conflict Causes Challenges for Women

Serving in Emergency Response Roles

 

Name: Linda J. Gonzalez

 

 

Doctor of Philosophy Criminal Justice – Emergency Management

A00611348

 

 

Table of Contents

Chapter One: Introduction 1

1.1 Background of The Study 1

1.2 Problem Statement 1

1.3 Background Literature Review; 2

The Key Concepts of women response to urgent job calls with family needs baggage 2

1.4 Objectives of The Study 4

1.5 Research Questions 5

1.6 Scope of The Study 5

1.7 Justification of The Study 6

1.8 Limitations of The Study 6

Chapter Two: Literature Review 8

2.1 Introduction 8

2.2 The State of Women and Employment 8

2.3 Theoretical Framework 12

2.4 Conceptual Framework 15

2.5 Literature Gap 16

Chapter Three: Research Methodology 17

3.1 introduction 17

3.2 research design 17

3.3 The Research Study Population and Sampling Models 17

3.4 Data Analysis and Reporting 18

 

ii

 

Chapter 1: Introduction to the Study

Introduction

There exists a challenge in the way many women in careers responding to emergencies, such as firefighters, police officers, medical response and now in the growing emergency management field, can manage to accurately and efficiently respond to disasters and not worry about their families while they are actively deployed. The challenge that women in these critical life-saving careers are often faced with is to respond to disasters or to evacuate or shelter in place with their families. The choice is a difficult one and can often be decided if there is a different solution such as another member in the household that could tend to the family, resulting in the responding woman being able to focus on response and recovery. Women in these first responder roles that deal with emergency response, are the primary personnel that have reported an insistent challenge in quick response to job calls as there is almost always no one else to take care of their families while they are gone. The need to respond during disasters is often quick, unscheduled, and unplanned for. The need to find care for family members at home will often be hard to find if the planned solution is themselves attempting to deal with the event. Often times, there is an organization policy that determines who in the company is required to respond to those emergencies. It is those policies that women often cannot take a role in these positions because they are contradictory to what is required of them at home. New challenges are brought in by industry’s changes and the varying degrees of emergent situations requirements. However, there has not been quality research studies that provide sufficient knowledge to address the challenges that women emergency responders may adopt to improve the level of their urgent job calls when thy have families to care. This research aims to bridge the knowledge gap and provide information for effective decision making for women who may be required to respond to emergent work conditions even when they have no one else to take care of their families.

Homeland Security Presidential Directive / HSPD-8 defines the term “first responder” as “individuals who in the early stages of an incident are responsible for the protection and preservation of life, property, evidence, and the environment, including emergency response providers as defined in section 2 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101), as well as emergency management, public health, clinical care, public works, and other skilled support personnel (such as equipment operators) that provide immediate support services during prevention, response, and recovery operations” (Department of Homeland Security, 2003). (Find updated reference from DHS)

1.2 Problem Statement

One of the key challenges that women are realizing is they are becoming the primary breadwinners in their households or that they familial dynamic is different than others in their same fields. This is especially the case in women who serve in first responder roles. This is because as people, especially women need time to take care of their families, there is also the call to have them commit their time to carry out their duties at work (Wang et al., 2013). This prompted the corporates to define the time when people should be working, specifying the time to report to work and the time to leave work. For vital roles that require continuous involvements, there have been developed shifts that allow all the workers to have time and sessions to execute their roles. However, there are still personal challenges realized when it comes to the need for women to execute a vital role that requires the use of emergency calls and reports to work (Wang et al., 2013). Emergency response roles pose great challenges to women in terms of the need for activation during disasters when they have sole roles to take care of their families. Women, (insert statement from research article). As a result, their requirements may commit them beyond the time needed for work, and especially where emergency responses are needed (Smith, 2015). This research paper explores the position of women in the development of key values leading to the need to realize social roles of family care vis-a-vis the need achieves ambient execution of duties in the emergency service provisions. By the end of this research study analysis, it would be useful to analyze different options that women with sole roles to take care of their families may take whenever emergency job calls arise for their attention. The goal of this research is to encourage women who have special familial challenges to continue seeking employment in first responder roles. The industry and research is lagging behind on solutions for these critical women to do both of working in their desired careers and have confidence in their home life during unscheduled disasters.

1.3 Background Literature Review;

The Key Concepts of women response to urgent job calls with family needs baggage

According to the research study by Agocs, Langan, and Sanders, (2015), special mothers (single, or with special family needs) who also double up with roles in the police force normally find it very difficult to be able to adequately address the needs of the family vis-a-vis the work requirements (Edin & Lein, 2017). The elements that the research report outlined included the long working hours and schedule changes. Moreover, such mothers may have young children who still need close nursing attention and care and so when they leave to respond to emergency calls to dutiful activities, they have no one else to take care of their families back at home (Agocs, Langan, and Sanders, 2015). Therefore, police mothers may find it very difficult to respond to dutiful calls to work when they have no one else to take care of their families they leave behind, especially when the call to duty is urgent. (Ciabatta, 2017).

The challenges that women go through in the need to respond to emergent work calls when they have family responsibilities is a major factor that may impact on their employment prospects. According to Beatty and Davis, (2012), the key challenges that have been realized towards the need to respond to emergency work situations when they have no one else to take care of their families behind their back have prompted some employers to consider not employing women. This is, however, not only in the areas of particular industries like city management, but they are more pronounced in areas that may require rapid responses from the employees like the disaster management departments as well as the medical or military management areas. Many women who have no one else to help them take care of their families may not respond to urgent calls to work because of the family ties (Du Plessis, O’Sullivan, & Rentschler, 2014).

Women have also become the new breadwinners in society (Bart Feld, 2013). This is a case where the women have also become the major players in the industry where they actively participate in the mainstream employment opportunities to achieve the vital family daily provisions (Medvedev, 2016). Gender roles in the society and in the face of the family, however, have not changed much and the mother is still the one in charge of the family needs and affairs. The mother still needs to nurse the children and ensure that the family is socially knit and bound closely for the enriched environment of quality growth and affection. This has forced many mothers, some acting a single parent to look out for employment opportunities, sometimes in urgent job call areas like military and hospitals. The impacts that work have on such mothers who are active participants in the mainstream employment requirements have also been noted significantly. For instance, Sheikh et al., (2018) noted that mothers who seek solutions to achieve the work and family conflict resolution have not yet got any lasting solution to the problems they face. This is even more pronounced for women who have reached the top of their career and are therefore managers in their organizations (Knorr, 2011). The same research study outcome was also confirmed by the developments realized through the Wang, Parker, and Taylor, (2013) research report. It was indicating that there is at least four in ten households that have the mother as breadwinner and the trend is fact increasing (Dais, Ghadames, & Salute, 2016). This is a major worry to stakeholders who also know the mothers as key players who have significant social and work ties (Wang, Parker, & Taylor, 2013).

1.4 Objectives of The Study

The main objective of the study is to determine how work and family care needs conflict causes challenges for women.

Specific objectives

· To determine the challenges that women employees have realized in the need to respond to urgent work calls when they have no one else to look after their families

· To analyze the approaches that women use to address the challenge they realize in allocating time to respond to urgent job calls even if they have no one else to look after their families.

· To explore ways that women can adopt to improve their respond levels to urgent work call s when they have no one else to look after their families behind their back

1.5 Research Questions

· What are the challenges that women employees have realized in the need to respond to urgent work calls when they have no one else to look after their families?

· Which approaches can women take to address the challenge they realize in allocating time to respond to urgent job calls even if they have no one else to look after their families?

· How can women adopt ways to improve their respond levels to urgent work call s when they have no one else to look after their families behind their back?

1.6 Scope of The Study

The study aims to address the challenges that women face when they attempt to improve their families and work duties in terms of time requirements. The research, therefore, explores the areas in which women employees have found key challenges when they attempt to allocate their time to their families, and at the same time, attempt to allocate their time to the work requirements especially when they should respond to urgent work when they have no one else to take care of their families. Normally, the limited time allocated for the family can be interrupted by work. Attempts that the women have tried to excel both in the families and at the places of work have met significant resistances based on logistical requirements especially if there are no other people to help the mothers to take care of families.

The analysis, therefore, will explore the different approaches that have worked for some women, and those that have been attempted and failed. The aim is to provide a useful explanation that other women can adopt to improve their work and family time allocations when they have no one else to help them care for the families and they have urgent work duties. The final area of focus the study will touch is to devise the solutions that women employees can adopt to improve the success to which they can respond to urgent work duties with families requiring their attention. The last objective, therefore, is to analyze all the available options that have been attempted and present the most viable solution that women employees may consider whenever they encounter the challenges related to understanding how to adequately respond to urgent work needs considering their families.

1.7 Justification of The Study

Women employees are many across different sectors, and their numbers keep increasing. Moreover, it is worth noting that the women employees who have gained successes in their careers have also managed to explore and achieve greater success to the point of considerations for management roles. The challenges that women face with every increase in the work complexities shave been much. However, the rate at which research projects have been undertaken to realign the women worktime with family remains scanty. Almost every year, with the new introduction of policies regulating work and with changes in the work structures, there is always a reason for increased research and knowledge that can advise the women employees in the best direction to take to improve their job response time with family considerations. This is the reason why a study like the current one is vital in helping in boosting the available knowledge on how women employees can manage to make quick responses to duty calls with no one else to help them take care of their families.

1.8 Limitations of The Study

The study will be limited by the number of cases that can be analyzed. Notably, there are so many cases of women who have been challenged in finding the best solution for quick response to urgent job calls when they have families to take care of with no one lese to help them. On the other hand, many women have also made successful fast response time even though they have close family ties. The populations of study are, therefore, very high and the sampling model used should be able to give the best and most fair recommendations based on the study outcome. Reaching such a study sample may be a bigger challenge in the research. Moreover, the research may be limited with time available and allocated. Such a study would be best carried out through primary data analysis. However, due to limited time, it might be difficult to carry out a highly detailed study. The study, following that it will touch on the individual person may have data sensitivity issues that may also limit the level of success in data availability and analysis. However, with proper planning, it is always possible to provide the best possible solutions to the data collection problems.

 

 

Chapter Two: Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

The second chapter of the project was useful in the development of the organizational literature review models. The chapter is useful in exploring the existing literature that is useful in explaining how the social case mothers can be impacted and challenged by the development of the emergency work requirements. The chapter begins from the literature review analysis that attempts to look at what people have done in the industry concerning the plight of the mothers with special cases and the job requirements they need to endure. The chapter then progresses to look into the theoretical framework. In these cases, key theories that can help in understanding the development of the organizational and social value towards women assertiveness are also addressed. The chapter also explains the other elements of theoretical developments in the explanations of women’s positions in developing economic duties despite their challenging social roles. Moreover, the chapter also presents the conceptual framework as well as the literacy gaps that exist in the topical area and that needs to be addressed.

2.2 The State of Women and Employment

Women’s involvement in mainstream roles and employment opportunities has been hailed as one of the ways in which the family finances can be improved (Sheikh et al., 2018). Ove the years, it has been a useful element to note that women involved in the family income stream have been considered a useful way to support the husband and improve the chances of family success. However, the more the women get involved in the economic generating activities, the higher the complexities that arise in their quest to make urgent job calls despite their family needs and the economic or work-related needs. Women play vital roles in the family especially in doing the house chores (Medvedev, 2016). The kinds of activities that require their attention in the homes are equally tasking. Added to their ultimate role of nursing both the unborn and the older children, the position of women in the society faces a great challenge based on their attempt to make quick job appearances despite their family needs when they have no one else to help them look after the families.

At the place of work, women have been daring and taking on the roles that they have not been seeing before. The boldness of the women has resulted from the self-belief and determination that arises from the school where they learn the very courses that people had initially reserved for the men (Agocs, Langan, & Sanders, 2015). Even on taking what was initially referred to as technical courses, they have performed exemplarily well in the examinations and the evaluation processes. Given a chance, women have also performed well in the job markets, sometimes even outshining the men who have been working gender bias in the industries. Therefore, there should not be discrimination at the place of work based on the abilities of the different gender, and at the same time, orchestrated from the elements of gender bias.

The research report by Adams and Stewart, (2015) indicated that the New Orleans Police Department faced significant challenges in deploying women rescue team who had several family ties and need to nurse the children. Notably, rapid response teams do work based on the needs that arise whenever a calamity strikes. In some cases, people need to be called upon to work even if they were not scheduled to work. This is a difficult case with women responders who may have strong family ties that may hinder their efficiency in handling the related emergency work requirements. Some kind of challenges had already been identified as well in earlier disaster response requirements like during Hurricane Katrina (Executive Office of the United States, 2006)

Though the women have in some cases experienced significant challenges in making rapid responses to the work requirements, they have done fairly well in cases where emergency work is not a key attribute of work. For instance, women have also served as judges and magistrates with sterling performances. They have managed to increase the presence the profile of women capabilities even in the significant roles like litigation (Helfgott et al., 2018). This indicates that women are not really bad performers at work. Whenever they fail to perform according to the expectations, it is always because there is something that holds them back. Family and social requirements that hold back women are vital in their career development. Notably, the career development path for women is much slower than that of men (Agocs, Langan, & Sanders, 2015). This is true because they have to spend more efforts and energy on time managing their families alongside the need to have their focus on carer developments.

The fact that the study focuses upon the challenges that the women face in their roles aimed at creating ways to have faster response to urgent job calls when they also consider family does not mean men have no such challenges. Like the women, the men also face the problem on the need to create quality times of their families as well as achieving the work-related goals. However, looking at the challenges of women are also considered based on their modal roles in the homes (Dresden et al., 2018). Within the families, there are some gender roles that are given to women through nature, and they cannot change or be transferred. Elements like carrying an unborn child and taking significant time breastfeeding as well as nursing are core challenges that cannot be delegated. As responsible family members, the women need to be mothers and to take care of their families (Agocs, Langan, & Sanders, 2015). However, such decisions are significantly changing because women may not manage to find adequate time for their family ambitions when the job requirements need consideration.

According to Dresden et al., (2018), women have also faced significant kinds of gender-based biased in male-dominated jobs and careers. Women are discriminated based on the denied opportunities for further training and promotion at the place of work. Further, some women are also discriminated in the salaries and remunerations where they are paid less compared to what men counterparts have been paid. The reasons for the development of the different types and cases of gender-based discrimination at the place of work are dynamic and varied. In some cases, critical training opportunities have not been given to women with the fear that sooner, they may require to get maternal leave, thus challenging the need of the organizations to sponsor an employee for the vital training (Dresden et al., 2018). The unfortunate situations are true and further leads to challenges of women’s progressive career at the place of work. When men have been given the opportunity to attend the additional training needed and opportunities, they become better informed and ready to work than women. Therefore, they can easily get promoted and considered for key areas of growth requirements.

The challenge of unpredictable schedules has also followed women in other industries as well as those that traditionally require rapid responses. For instance, Henly and Lambert, (2014) indicated that even in the retail sector, women employees are not able to respond to the emergencies that may result from the nature of work. Unpredictable work timing has been noted as one of the biggest challenges that women have realized in the labor market for women (Kellmereit, 2015).

Women who are single mothers or those with special challenges, therefore, find it increasingly difficult to find a lasting point for the development of the right approach for the realization of quality urgent job response time with family requirements when they have no one else to care for their children. Notably, the same fate affects those women who have to leave behind their families to take up the emergency roles despite the increasing need to have them develop a sociable environment for their ailing parents, siblings or even children.

2.3 Theoretical Framework

There are different kinds of theories that can be useful in providing quality explanations and explorations into the kind of work that women with special challenges. The theoretical models are useful in defining the key requirements of the general factors that can inform the kind of roles assigned to any given gender in society. Women who have social duties and requirements like those who take care of their siblings, parents, and children have magnified challenges and problems that need to be fully analyzed and discussed. Some of the key theories that can be used to explain the position of the women towards the development of the right models and structures therefor include the social roles theory, the feminist theory, and the conflict theory. Each of these theories is useful in explaining a key given element that would be useful in addressing the women need is society. Each of the theories has a profound impact in the society, thus developing strong conditional situations and challenges aimed at realizing the right approaches that can be undertaken to improve the quality of experiences that women may have in the market and in the society.

2.3.1 Social Roles Theory

Social roles theory attempts to draw the difference between men and women and what the difference means to either gender (Young, 2017). The special roles theory posits that the main difference between men and women is basically the kind of behaviour that everyone chooses based on what society puts upon their gender. The social role theory, therefore, believes that being a man or a woman is based on the social approvals within the community. The approvals, however, are based on one behaving is a certain way that the community expects in line with the sex the personal fins themselves at birth.

According to the theory, therefore, there is some kind of behaviour that is reserved for men and other kinds of behaviours that are reserved for women. Anyone who moves across and identifies with a behaviour that is not specific to their gender is considered a person who has done what is not necessary (Young, 2017). When the element of special case women with the need to take care of their children, siblings and old parents single handled arises, the social role theory notes that it is ok they undergo such roles. However, when the need to look for money to the family, particularly doing those roles that are emergency in nature, the theory of the social role notes that such person is special case individuals in society. There should, therefore, be set up ways that can help in reducing the adverse effects of the conditions such women undergo to take care of special family’s single handle and still achieve their work requirement goals through taking emergency work roles.

2.3.2 Feminism Theory

According to the feminist theory, there is a need for the society to examine itself through reflecting on the roles and responsibilities that have been placed upon every gender and thus identifying the inequalities in roles assignment (Price & Shildrick, 2017). The feminist theory, therefore, focuses on the examinations of the society based on the roles it has placed on women, despite the glaring bias contained in such roles. The theory further explains that women have been assigned roles that are far more than what the men can undertake. Apart from taking care of the families, the women are also expected to helping the search for basic needs for the families. Such unfairness only leads to complexities in the roles assigned to women when the situations cannot lead to the efficiencies in executing the roles.

The feminist theory, therefore, advocates for the attempted development of equality between gender. This equality is particularly important in the case of the gender roles assignment and values (Price & Shildrick, 2017). It is also important, therefore, to note that the best approach that can be taken is to ensure there is quality in the development of the role’s assignment. People who have the socially assigned roles of taking care of the special group’s interests in the society like the women taking care of their families and yet still expected to undertaken emergency response roles should be given deeper consideration and possible help (Price & Shildrick, 2017). It means that the role they have been assigned are diverse and they are not possible undertaken on an individual level.

2.3.3 Conflict Theory

According to Karl max who suggested the theory, he noted that the society is in a state of continuous conflict between individuals and groups who are interested in owning the resources that are in limited supply (Goldman, Cooper, & Kugler, 2017). The challenges that people experience therefore are varied and may at times lead to situations where there is a misunderstanding based on who should be in charge of any given resource any given time. Therefore, according to the social conflict theory, it is useful to understand that even the people in charge of the conflict, the special women with social families to take care of, alongside the special emergency assignments also need to be in positions to understand the values of the theory. The women with special case families, like siblings, children and old parents who need their full attention must, therefore, find solutions that would be ideal for the development of accurate scope and structures (Goldman, Cooper, & Kugler, 2017). The theory can also be used to explain and address the needs of society based on the core requirements in the areas of resources availability and usage.

The use of the theories is therefore important in explaining the roles, the executions and the positions of the special women’s in the society. The social women are those charged with the responsibilities to take care of their family members who are not in positions to take care of themselves and at the same time seek to secure than basic needs through the undertaking of special roles in the society (Goldman, Cooper, & Kugler, 2017). The women, therefore, may have younger children of their own, or possibly siblings or they might have old and ailing parents who need a lot of attention, but again the jobs they do may also require urgent attention. Therefore, they run into situations that require their attention from both ends. They may want to remain home and provide the nursing care to the family members, but the deployment they also get take them away from the families in emergency roles assignment cases. Such commissions may lead to conflicts that incapability that might be seen on the women.

2.4 Conceptual Framework

 

 

 

 

The conceptual framework shows the relationship between the dependent and the independent variables the independent variable include the need to determine the challenges that special case women employees have realized in the need to make urgent appearances to urgent job calls when they have families with no one else to help them take care. Moreover, the independent variables also include the need to analyze the approaches that women use to address the challenge they realize in allocating quality time between their family needs and their job needs.

Women with special families, like single mothers or those who take care of their sibling or old sickling parents equally need to seek employment, and sometimes the only opportunities available involve these assignments that require them to accept emergency assignments. They may need to work in the role that may require them to leave their families on urgent notice and then stay away from such families for many weeks, months or even years. The kind of arrangements that such mothers would need are special in nature a suit helps to draw closer to the understanding of the key variables and characteristics of the socially assigned roles.

2.5 Literature Gap

The study reveals that there have been many research projects that have been developed to help in evening the role of women in society. The studies have therefore focused upon the gender roles assigned to the women in the society based on the roles assigned to the men. In addition, there have been a lot of studies that have been undertaken in a society based on gender inequalities. The economic role that women have undertaken in society has also been given a lot of attention and focus on the published research study projects. However, there is one area that the studies have not addressed, the case of women from special families, with the need to take care of their children, old and sickling parents or siblings that need daily attention and the possibility of having assigned rile that are emergency nature. The current study, therefore, will be important in ensuring that the kind of study analysis would be useful in ensuring there is a closer understanding of the women roles in the development of the right study approaches.

 

 

 

Chapter Three: Research Methodology

3.1 introduction

The chatter is useful in addressing the need for the development of the right approaches towards data collections models, the data analysis and reporting structures. There is a need to define the research design the sampling plan and the kind of data to be collected from the research study. Moreover, there is need to define the kind of reviews and statistical analysis that would help in addressing the needed solutions to the topical areas of the conflicts that special women realize in taking emergency roles at work yet they have special fails that need theory unending attention. This chapter presents the development of focused explanations about these key areas in the research project.

3.2 research design

The research design will be based on the desktop review of the existing literature materials based on the published academic materials in the area of study. The modeled outcome would, therefore, be useful in addressing the need to have the right approach towards the development and the achievement of the organizational values and structures. The research design that will be adopted by this study will include the review of the published data.

The empirical review of the existing literature is carried out to help in explaining the core values a procedure necessary for the development of success in the research work. Therefore, there is need to have the right framework of data collection approach that would be useful in identifying the key areas of need, and thus designing research elements that would be useful in addressing the key requirements in every area.

3.3 The Research Study Population and Sampling Models

The study population is the total number of items that should be included in the study. The items include the subjects that should be involved in the study towards the determinations on the right research study outcome. Moreover, there is always the need to have the study developed to identify the core values and structures in the are of study. Therefore, the study design will include all the published books, journals, and other literature that has attempted to explain why women may experience differences in the social role’s assignment.

Since the published data is large, there is a need to make use of samples to deliver on the premise of the research study assignment. The sampling models that will be used in the case of the study, therefore, will be based on the selection of the right texts to be included in the research. The inclusions criteria will involve the choice of the article that has a relevant topic to the topical areas. The article must also be modern in natures and they must have also been peer-reviewed or published books. It is the selections of the right literature materials that will be able to help in addressing the right kind of topics and availing accurate information’s that can draw useful conclusions towards adding of knowledge into the field.

Moreover, there would be an exclusion criterion to be applied in the selection of the articles for the research. These article with a key focus on the area of study, but they are old enough may be excluded as such information they contain are stale and no longer applicable in the study data. If the old data must be including, they must have special roles like the development of comparison role in the contexts of the study. Other materials with irrelevant topics will also be excluded from the research study as well as they add little to the development of the right knowledge requirements.

3.4 Data Analysis and Reporting

Once the right data have been collected, they will be designed through analytical procedures. The reporting of the data trends and the design of the visualization elements would all be useful in the development of the organizational values and structures. Moreover, it is important that the development of the right organizational framework is important in the realizations of the organizational values and structures. The elements that are necessary for the development of the right organizational support would be ideal in ensuring that only the right data have bee included in the study. Data reporting will thus follow based on the provided analytical tops and procedures.

 

 

 

 

 

References

Adams, T., & Stewart, L. (2015). Chaos theory and organizational crisis: A theoretical analysis of the challenges faced by the New Orleans Police Department during Hurricane Katrina. Public Organization Review, 15(3), 415-431. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1007/s11115-014-0284-9.

Dais, T. A., Ghadames, G., & Salute, E. L. (2016). Work-family balance: a case analysis of coping strategies adopted by Nigerian and British working mothers. Gender in Management: An International Journal31(7), 414-433.

Agocs, T., Langan, D., & Sanders, C. B. (2015). Police mothers at home: Police work and

Agocs, T., Langan, D., & Sanders, C. B. (2015). Police mothers at home: Police work and danger-protection parenting practices. Gender & Society29(2), 265-289.

Bart Feld, J. (2013). Single mothers, emergency food assistance, and food stamps in the welfare reform era. Journal of Consumer Affairs37(2), 283-304.

Beatty, L., & Davis, T. J. (2012). Gender disparity in professional city management: Making The case for enhancing leadership curriculum. Journal of Public Affairs Education, 18(4), 624.

Ciabatta, T. (2007). Single mothers, social capital, and work-family conflict. Journal of Family Issues28(1), 34-60.

Dresden, B. E., Dresden, A. Y., Ridge, R. D., & Yamawaki, N. (2018). No Girls Allowed: Women in Male-Dominated Majors Experience Increased Gender Harassment and Bias. Psychological Reports121(3), 459-474.

Du Plessis, J., O’Sullivan, J., & Rentschler, R. (2014). Multiple layers of gender diversity on corporate boards: To force or not to force. Deakin L. Rev.19, 1.

Edin, K., & Lein, L. (2017). Making ends meet: How single mothers survive welfare and low-wage work. Russell Sage Foundation.

Executive Office of the United States. (2006). The Federal response to Hurricane Katrina:

Goldman, B. M., Cooper, D. A., & Kugler, T. (2017). A Realistic Group Conflict Theory Approach to Racial Discrimination against Ex-Felons in Hiring. In Academy of Management Proceedings (Vol. 2017, No. 1, p. 14625). Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510: Academy of Management.

Helfgott, J. B., Gunnison, E., Murtagh, A., & Navejar, B. (2018). BADASSES: The Rise of conflicts. Pyrex Journal of Business and Finance Management Research, 4(5), 48-57.

danger-protection parenting practices. Gender & Society29(2), 265-289.

Henly, J. R., & Lambert, S. J. (2014). Unpredictable work timing in retail jobs: Implications for employee work-life conflict. ILR Review, 67(3), 986-1016.

home demands on work-life balance: Mediating role of work-family

Kellmereit, B. (2015). Focus groups. International Journal of Sales, Retailing & Marketing4(9), 42-52.

Knörr, H. (2011). From top management to entrepreneurship: women’s next move? International Journal of Manpower32(1), 99-116.

Lessons learned. Washington, D.C. White House.

Medvedev, C. E. (2016). The new female breadwinner: Discursively doing and undoing gender

Primary Provider in Four-in-Ten Households with Children-Public Conflicted about the Growing Trend. Pew Research Centre, Washington DC.

relations. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 44(3), 236. Retrieved from

Price, J., & Shildrick, M. (2017). Feminist theory and the body: a reader. Routledge.

Sheikh, M. A., Ashiq, A., Mehar, M. R., Hasan, A., & Khalid, M. (2018). Impact of work and

Smith, E. (2015). Willingness to work during a terrorist attack: A case-study of first responders during the 9/11 World Trade Centre terrorist attacks. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine, 6(1). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.33151/ajp.6.1.441.

Wang, W., Parker, K., and Taylor, P. (2013). Breadwinner Moms: Mothers Are the Sole or

women in criminal justice. Women & Criminal Justice, 28(4), 235-261. Doi:10.1080/08974454.2018.1468296. Retrieved from https://www-tandfonline-com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/doi/pdf/10.1080/08974454.2018.1468296?needAccess=true.

Young, I. M. (2017). Gender as seriality: Thinking about women as a social collective. In Gender and Justice (pp. 3-28). Routledge.

 

 

Quality response for both special case familes and emergency job roles

 

 

To determine the challenges that women employees have realized in the need to respond to urgent work calls when they have no one else to look after their families

 

 

To analyze the approaches that women use to address the challenge they realize in allocating time to respond to urgent job calls even if they have no one else to look after their families.

 

 

To explore ways that women can adopt to improve their respond levels to urgent work call s when they have no one else to look after their families behind their back

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)