Engineering Summary

ENGR 1201 Introduction to Engineering

2. The Engineering Profession

 

 

Chapter Overview

• What is Engineering? • The Engineering Process • Greatest Engineering Achievements of the 20th Century • Rewards and Opportunities of an Engineering Career • Engineering Disciplines • Engineering Job Functions • Employment Opportunities • Important Fields for the Future • Engineering as a Profession

ENGR 1201 Introduction to Engineering

 

 

What is Engineering?

ENGR 1201 Introduction to Engineering

 

 

What is Engineering?

If someone (father, grandmother, aunt, thefriend, fellow student) asked you

question: “What is engineering?” How would you respond?

“Engineering is the profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences, gained by study, experience, and practice, is applied with judgment to develop ways to utilize, economically, the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of

[hu]mankind.” 2005 ABET Accreditation Yearbook

ENGR 1201 Introduction to Engineering

 

 

The Engineering Design Process

• Customer need or opportunity • Problem definition/Specifications • Data and information collection • Development of alternative solutions • Evaluation of design/selection of optimal

design • Implementation of optimal design

ENGR 1201 Introduction to Engineering

 

 

The Engineering Design Process

ENGR 1201 Introduction to Engineering

Customer need

Specifications

Data collection

Development of alternative solutions

Selection optimal design

Implementation of optimal design

 

 

Case Study: Solar-Powered Electric Vehicle

ENGR 1201 Introduction to Engineering

Search on the Internet for videos related to: • World Solar Challenge 2011 Presentation

• 1987-2005 History of the World Solar Challenge

• 2011 Solar Challenge

 

 

Greatest Engineering Achievements of 20th Century

20. High performance materials 19. Nuclear technologies 18. Laser and fiber optics 17. Petroleum and gas technologies 16. Health technologies 15. Household appliances 14. Imaging technologies 13. Internet 12. Space exploration 11. Interstate highways

ENGR 1201 Introduction to Engineering

 

 

10. Air-conditioning and refrigeration 9. Telephone 8. Computers 7. Agricultural mechanization 6. Radio and television 5. Electronics 4. Safe and abundant water 3. Airplane 2. Automobile 1. Electrification

ENGR 1201 Introduction to Engineering

Greatest Engineering Achievements of 20th Century

 

 

Rewards and Opportunities of an Engineering Career

1. Job satisfaction 2. Varied opportunities 3. Challenging work 4. Intellectual development 5. Social impact 6. Financial security 7. Prestige 8. Professional environment 9. Understanding how things work 10. Creative thinking

ENGR 1201 Introduction to Engineering

 

 

2005/06 Starting Salaries

ENGR 1201 Introduction to Engineering

Discipline Engineering

Avg. Salary $51,465

Computer Science 49,680 Engineering Technology 48,514 Nursing 45,347 Business 41,900 Mathematics and Sciences 38,217 Agriculture & Natural Resources 33,716 Education 32,438 Humanities & Social Sciences 31,290 Communications 31,110

 

 

Engineering Disciplines

• Mechanical Engineering • Electrical Engineering • Civil Engineering • Computer Engineering • Chemical Engineering • Industrial Engineering • Other (Aerospace, Biomedical, etc.)

ENGR 1201 Introduction to Engineering

 

 

Engineering Job Functions

• Analysis • Design • Test • Development • Sales • Research • Management • Consulting • Teaching

ENGR 1201 Introduction to Engineering

 

 

Industry Sectors (Non-manufacturing)

• Professional, scientific, and technical services • Information • Construction • Wholesale trade • Administrative and support • Management of companies and enterprises • Utilities • Mining

ENGR 1201 Introduction to Engineering

 

 

Industry Sectors (Manufacturing)

• Computer and electronic product • Transportation equipment • Machinery • Fabricated metal product • Chemical • Electronic equipment, appliance, and component

ENGR 1201 Introduction to Engineering

 

 

Major Changes Affecting the Future

• The fall of the Berlin Wall • Advances in computer technology • Advances in communications • The knowledge and information explosion • Globalization (outsourcing, off-shoring) • Increased focus on the environment • Events of September 11, 2001 • World population explosion

ENGR 1201 Introduction to Engineering

 

 

Important Fields for the Future

• Manufacturing frontiers • Information and communication systems • Smart and engineered materials • Bioengineering • Critical infrastructure systems • Homeland security • Improved health care delivery • Nanotechnology • Advanced environmental technology • Sensors and control systems

ENGR 1201 Introduction to Engineering

 

 

Engineering as a Profession

• Professional registration 1. Graduation from ABET-accredited engineering

program 2. Pass Fundamentals of Engineering Exam (FE) 3. Complete four years of acceptable engineering

practice 4. Pass the Principles and Practice of Engineering (PE)

Exam • Professional societies

ENGR 1201 Introduction to Engineering

 

  • Slide Number 1
  • Chapter Overview
  • Slide Number 3
  • What is Engineering?
  • The Engineering Design Process
  • Slide Number 6
  • Slide Number 7
  • Slide Number 8
  • Slide Number 9
  • Rewards and Opportunities of an Engineering Career
  • Slide Number 11
  • Engineering Disciplines
  • Engineering Job Functions
  • Slide Number 14
  • Slide Number 15
  • Slide Number 16
  • Important Fields for the Future
  • Engineering as a Profession
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