history multiple choice questions
- Question 1
As governor of New Netherland, Petrus Stuyvesant:
- a. refused the open practice of religion by Quakers and Lutherans.
- b. saw women as equals in the Dutch Reformed Church.
- c. encouraged the Dutch colonists to convert the Indians.
- d. welcomed all religious faiths to the colony.
- e. favored Catholics over Jews in New Amsterdam.
- Question 2
“Christian liberty” was the basis for religious toleration.
- Question 3
What was a difference between Chinese and Portuguese navigation?
- a. The Chinese wanted to spread their religion.
- b. The Portuguese had no interest in establishing trade ports.
- c. The Chinese were not looking to discover new places.
- d. The Portuguese naval fleet consisted of more ships that were much larger than Chinese vessels.
- e. The Portuguese did not want to spread Christianity and hoped to learn from other world religions.
- Question 4
In Europe on the eve of colonization, one conception of freedom, called “Christian liberty,”
- a. referred to the policy of trying to overthrow any non-Christian regime around the world.
- b. found expression in countries dominated by Catholics but not in primarily Protestant ones.
- c. argued that all Christians should have equal political rights.
- d. was a set of ideas today known as “religious toleration.”
- e. mingled ideas of freedom with servitude to Jesus Christ—concepts that were seen as mutually reinforcing.
- Question 5
What was the most significant result of Ferdinand Magellan’s explorations?
- a. He was the first European to see the Pacific Ocean.
- b. He and his men were the first Europeans to encounter bison.
- c. He led the conquering of the Aztecs.
- d. His voyages showed that the circumference of the earth was longer than what Columbus had estimated.
- e. He died in the Caribbean islands.
- Question 6
Which of the following statements about Spanish America is true?
- a. The Catholic Church played only a minor role in Spanish America.
- b. Mestizos enjoyed much political freedom and held most of the high government positions.
- c. Spaniards outnumbered the Indian inhabitants after fifty years of settlement.
- d. Spanish America was very rural and had few urban centers.
- e. Over time, Spanish America evolved into a hybrid culture—part Spanish, part Indian, and, in some areas, part African.
- Question 7
Most, although not all, Indian societies were matrilineal.
- Answers: True False
- Question 8
“Coverture” refers to:
- a. knowing your place in society, especially at church when sitting in the pews.
- b. a binding legal agreement between an indentured servant and his or her master.
- c. a tax one pays on one’s property that is assessed quarterly.
- d. a woman surrendering her legal identity when she marries.
- e. a woman’s responsibility to wear a scarf covering her head when in public.
- Question 9
The actions of Bartolomé de las Casas can best be described in modern-day terminology as that of a(n):
- a. curious intellectual.
- b. whistleblower.
- c. religious zealot.
- d. greedy businessman.
- e. irrational man.
- Question 10
Patroonship in New Netherland:
- a. involved joint Dutch and Indian control of farmland.
- b. led to one democratic manor led by Kiliaen van Rensselaer.
- c. was a great success, bringing thousands of new settlers to the colony.
- d. meant that shareholders received large estates for transporting tenants for agricultural labor.
- e. was like a system of medieval lords.
- Question 11
In early seventeenth-century Massachusetts, freeman status was granted to adult males who:
- a. were freed slaves.
- b. owned land, regardless of their church membership.
- c. were landowning church members.
- d. voted.
- e. had served their term as indentured servants.
- Question 12
In the 1650s, who pushed England toward a policy of expanding territory and commercialism?
- a. Charles II.
- b. Oliver Cromwell.
- c. James I.
- d. Charles I.
- e. John Smith.
- Question 13
Which of the following best describes how the English viewed Native American ties to the land?
- a. Although they felt the natives had no claim since they did not cultivate or improve the land, the English usually bought their land, albeit through treaties they forced on Indians.
- b. They encouraged settlers to move onto Native American land and take it.
- c. The English offered natives the chance to remain on the land as slaves and, when this offer was declined, forced them off of it.
- d. They simply tried to wipe out Native Americans and then took their land.
- e. They totally respected those ties and let the natives stay in all rural areas, negotiating settlements to obtain the coastal lands.
- Question 14
When comparing the Chesapeake colonies to the New England settlements:
- a. tobacco grew better in New England.
- b. Virginia emphasized religion.
- c. in the beginning, Virginia had more women.
- d. there were more indentured servants in the Chesapeake region.
- e. New England had much more peaceful relations with the Native Americans.
- Question 15
The Diggers of Great Britain:
- a. influenced the development of the American colonies, because some of their members and ideas crossed the Atlantic to the New World.
- b. proposed building a tunnel to Rome to surprise and overpower the Catholic Church, thereby eliminating a source of controversy in English society.
- c. executed King James I.
- d. sought to eliminate male ownership of land as a means of promoting social equality for women.
- e. overthrew parliamentary forces in 1642.
- Question 16
How did indentured servants display a fondness for freedom?
- a. They published pamphlets criticizing their masters, displaying their love of free speech.
- b. They became abolitionists, fighting to end slavery in British North America.
- c. They insisted on their right to serve in the militia, because they believed in the right to bear arms.
- d. Some of them ran away or were disobedient to their masters.
- e. They sent letters home telling their fellow Englishmen that the American colonies offered special opportunities for freedom.
- Question 17
A central element in the definition of English liberty was:
- a. the right to a trial by jury.
- b. that each English citizen owned a copy of the English Constitution.
- c. freedom of expression.
- d. what an individual king or queen said it was.
- e. the right to self-incrimination.
- Question 18
Jamestown was originally settled only by men.
- Answers: True False
- Question 19
For most New Englanders, Indians represented:
- a. survival.
- b. curiosities.
- c. culture.
- d. savagery.
- e. teachers.
- Question 20
Which of the following lists these colonies in the proper chronological order by the dates they were founded, from the earliest to the latest?
- a. Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island, Jamestown.
- b. Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Rhode Island, Jamestown.
- c. Jamestown, Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island.
- d. Plymouth, Jamestown, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island.
- e. Jamestown, Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Rhode Island.
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