Chapter 1- Columbus, the Indians, and Human Progress A. Write down the FIVE most important things Zinn says about Columbus

B. Write down the TWO most important things he says about the writing of history. 1. According to Zinn, what is his main purpose for writing A People’s History of the United States? 2. What is Zinn’s thesis for first 10 minutes of reading? 3. According to Zinn, how is Columbus portrayed in traditional history books? 4. Why does Zinn dispute Henry Kissinger’s statement: “History is the memory of states?” 5. Identify one early and one subsequent motive that drove Columbus to oppress indigenous peoples. 6. What was the ultimate fate of the Arawak Indians? 7. Explain Governor John Winthrop’s legal and biblical justification for seizing Indian land. 8. Explain the main tactic of warfare used by the English against the Indians. 9. According to Roger Williams, how did the English usually justify their attacks on the Indians? 10. What ultimately happened to the estimated 10 million Indians living in North America at the time of Columbus’ arrival? 11. How does Zinn attempt to prove that the Indians were not inferior? Provide examples.