How to Cite In the Harvard Referencing Style
How to Cite in the Harvard referencing style is the main theme of the article. Majority of the referencing help websites do not teach students the Harvard referencing style. It makes most students paranoid when they are told to cite their assignment in the Harvard referencing style. Citing your work in the Harvard referencing style is crucial because it helps you understand this writing style in-depth, and also bring uniformity in your work.
1. The Basics about referencing in the Harvard Referencing Style
- Your reference list should be double-spaced unless a student is instructed otherwise. In addition to that, it is preferable that a student uses Times New Roman, font size 12.
- Write the references on a new page with the title ‘References.’
- Include all the references for all your in-text citations. A reference list is only complete once a student indicates all the sources they have used in their paper.
- Organize all your references in the alphabetical order. In case one source contains no author, ensure you list the source by the titles excluding the articles a, an, and the.
2. How to cite a journal article
A journal article is pretty easy to cite. Use the following formula;
The Author’s Last Name, Initial. (Year) Title of the article. Title of journal, Vol. no. (Part no./Issue/Month), Pages, use p. or pp.
3. Citing a book in the Harvard style
Books have the same citing formula. However, the method slightly changes depending on whether the book has been written by one author, two authors, or more than three authors. In case this was the case, here is the formula of how one would go about it;
A Book with One Author:
The format of citing such a source in this writing style is:
The Last Name of the Author, Initial. (Year). Title. Edition if not the 1st. Place of publication: Publisher.
A Book with Two Authors:
The surname of the first Author, Initial. & the last name of the second Author, Initial. (Year). Title. Edition if not the 1st. Place of publication: Publisher
A Book with Three or more authors:
The format of such a book is;
The first Author’s last name, Initial. et al. (Year). Title. Edition if not the 1st. Place of publication: Publisher.
4. How to cite a magazine or a newspaper
A magazine or newspaper can also be used to draw arguments and counterarguments. In case one does so, here is the format to follow;
Author(s) of the article – family name and initials Year of publication, ‘Title of the article – in single quotation marks,’ Title of Newspaper or Magazine– should be italicized, Day Month, Page number(s)
Citing a film in the Harvard referencing style
Besides books and journal articles, films are other sources of information. Below is the format of how to cite a video in the Harvard referencing style;
The Author/Producer/Director Year, Title, type of medium, Publisher, Place.
How to cite a book chapter in a book that has been edited
The format to use is;
The Author (s) of that specific chapter, initials Year of publication, ‘Title of the chapter – in single quotation marks,’ in Editor(s) – family name and initials (eds), Title of book – italicized, Edition, Publisher, Place of publication, Page numbers.