Obesity In Senior Citizens Population


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Demonstrating Effective Leadership


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School of Nursing and Health Sciences, Capella University

NHS8002: Collaboration, Communication, and Case Analysis for Doctoral Learners

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Demonstrating Effective Leadership

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2019a), deaths due to

opioid overdose have increased almost six-fold in the last 10 years. Opioid overdose is also

responsible for an average of 130 deaths in the United States every day. Although there is a lot of

scholarly literature available on evidence-based approaches to tackle the problem of addiction,

prevention and treatment interventions require effective interprofessional collaboration. The

following assessment focuses on addressing the issue of opioid addiction in Charleston, West

Virginia, through the formation of interprofessional coalition teams. The paper also focuses on

strategies, best practices, and ethical standards that the coalition team should consider to ensure

that it achieves its goal.

Contributing Factors to Opioid Addiction

According to a report by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (2019), West Virginia

reported the highest number of deaths due to opioid overdose. In 2017, about 833 deaths were

reported in West Virginia, with a prevalence rate of about 49.6 deaths for every 100,000 people.

This rate was three times the national rate of 14.6 deaths per 100,000 persons (National Institute

on Drug Abuse, 2019).

There are many factors that contribute to opioid abuse and addiction. Childhood trauma is

related to substance use disorder in adulthood. Another contributor to the increase of opioid

addiction is the overprescribing of opioid painkillers. According to Anderson and McNair

(2018), individuals seeking treatment for opioid addiction are often in despairing social,

financial, and health conditions. These factors result in the widespread use of opioids and the

expansion of opioid availability, which act as major barriers for individuals seeking treatment for

opioid addiction. Poor financial statuses, a lack of positive relationships, peer pressure, limited

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coverage of insurance facilities, and habitancy in rural areas also act as barriers for seeking and

accessing quality treatment services.

Interprofessional Coalition Team to Prevent Opioid Addiction

To combat opioid addiction in Charleston, West Virginia, a coalition team is being

formed and a community readiness survey will be developed based on the inclusion criteria for

coalition members. Trudeau (2015), in a study conducted to address the misuse of prescription

opioids, included the following inclusion criteria: An enrolee must be a current member of an

antidrug community coalition, must have substantial experience of at least a year with the

antidrug coalition, must be 18 years old, must be willing to provide informed consent, and must

speak English.

The team will be comprised of eight members as listed in the following table; through

their expertise, the team members will work toward preventing opioid addiction in Charleston,

West Virginia.

Table 1

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