Organizing The Project

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

















Graduation Project


Final Written Report Template


All requirements and sections are in order starting next page











Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering










Graduation Project II




Team Members:

Ahmad Hamadah

Imad Amadah

Faheem Fahamah




Dr. Mufeed Ifadah






Fall Semester






May 20, 2017



We hereby declare and confirm with our signatures that the work submitted in this project final report is exclusively our own. We have taken care in all respect to honor the intellectual property right and have acknowledged the contribution of others through proper citing and referencing in the report. We are fully aware that any copying or improper citation of other work used in this report will be considered plagiarism, which is a clear violation of the Code of Ethics of Applied Science University.


Student’s Name: Signature: Date:

Student’s Name: Signature: Date:

Student’s Name: Signature: Date:


















Team members must state the project ideas and summarize their work in this section of the report. The summary (abstract) should have three main parts: the statement of the problem, considered alternative designs and the design solution, results and conclusion. The summary must not exceed 400 words. The summary should be on a page by itself, nothing else.























Acknowledgements contain expressions of appreciation (gratitude, thankfulness, gratefulness, indebtedness) to individuals (such as project advisor, faculty members, lab assistants, departmental secretary, friends, parents, family members, and so on) who have helped the team in any way during their studies. In addition, the institution can be acknowledged as well if you wish to. This should be placed on one page by itself.























The table of contents must list the title of each section and its parts, references, and appendices if necessary. The wording used for all entries in the table of contents must match exactly with what is used in the text. Each entry must have leader dots which connect it to its corresponding page number. If you are using MS Word, just click on “REFERENCES” and select “Table of Content”.



Table of Contents Declaration of own work i Summary ii Acknowledgements iii Table of Contents iv List of Figures 1 List of Tables 2 1.0 Problem Statement 3 2.0 Project Objectives 3 3.0 Literature Survey 4 4.0 Project Realistic Constraints 11 5.0 Alternative Designs 10 6.0 The design solution 14 6.1 Design Integration 20 6.2 Design Verification 26 7.0 Project Budget 31 8.0 Project Schedule 32 9.0 Conclusion 33 References 34 Appendices 35

List of Figures

List all figures in order as they appear in the report with their numbers and titles. This should be placed on one page by itself.


Figure 1: Circuit Schematic of Buck Converter 5

Figure 2: Circuit Schematic of Boost Converter 6

Figure 3: Circuit Schematic of Buck-Boost Converter 6

Figure 4: Circuit Schematic of Forward Converter 10

Figure 5: Circuit Schematic of Flyback Converter 12

Figure 6: Circuit Schematic of Proposed Multistage Converter 14

Figure 7: Block Diagram of Proposed System 21


List of Tables

List all tables in order as they appear in the report with their numbers and titles. This should be placed on one page by itself.


Table 1: Comparison of Systems 9

Table 2: Major Components of the System 13

Table 3: Decision Matrix 14

Table 4: Project Budget 31







· Briefly and clearly state the need being addressed

· Provide supporting information and statistics

· Describe current limitations



According to AppleInsider, approximately 10.3 million people owned iPods at the end of 2004 and many of the owners used them while operating their automobiles. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that driver distraction is a contributing cause of 20 to 30 percent of all motor vehicle crashes – or 1.2 million accidents per year. One research study has estimated that driver inattention may cause as many as 10,000 deaths each year and approximately $40 billion in damages. iPods can present a distraction to drivers that is similar to cell phones in that the driver’s attention is divided between controlling the steering wheel, watching the road, and navigating controls on the iPod. A system is needed to allow users to navigate among the music selections of their iPod without distracting their attention from the road.



· Summarize what is being proposed to meet the need

· Provide some preliminary design objectives

· Provide a preliminary description of the technical solution

· Avoid a detailed description of the implementation

· Input and output of the system are described



The objective of this project is to design and prototype a device that will make the iPod safer to use while driving an automobile, by allowing hands-free control of the iPod. The device will interact with the user using spoken English commands. The user will be able to issue simple voice commands to the device to control the operation of the iPod. In turn, the device will communicate information verbally, such as song titles that are displayed on the iPod screen, to the user.








This section must include the literature survey of the project.

· Develop an understanding of the underlying scientific principles and demonstrate a familiarity with a particular field.

· You need to answer the following questions

· What is the basic theory behind the concept?



· How currently is it being done?


· What are the limitations of current designs or technology?





· What are the similarities and differences between your concept and existing technologies?





· Are there existing or patented technologies that may be relevant to the design? If so, what are they and why are they relevant?

· Citation of references must be included.



The project must address at least three constraints that are significantly related to the project.

1. Performance

These requirements reflect a critical aspect of the performance of the system or device. They often characterized by time, accuracy, or percentage error.

· Examples

· The system should be able to process video data at a rate of 30 frames per second.

· The amplifier will have total harmonic distortion of less than 1%.


2. Functionality

These requirements describe the type of functions that a system should perform. They provide inputs, outputs, and the transformation that the system will perform on the inputs.

· Examples

· The system will implement the left and right button functions of a standard mouse.

· The system will protect the user’s identity with 128-bit encryption.


3. Economic

These requirements include the costs associated with the development (design, production, maintenance) and sale of a system. They may also include the economic impact of the final system, such as how it will contribute to profits or save the user money.

· Examples

· The cost for developing the system (labor and parts) should not exceed $50,000.

· The total parts and manufacturing costs cannot exceed $500 per unit.

4. Energy

Virtually all systems consume and/or produce energy and thus have energy requirements. Energy consumption is the amount of power that a system consumes, and may be specified in terms of maximum, minimum, or average values.

· Examples

· The system will have an average power consumption of 500 mW.

· The system will operate from a 12 V source that supplies a maximum current of 300 mA.


5. Environmental

These requirements address the impact of the design on the external environment and usage of the earth’s resources.

· Example

· The system will use 20% less energy than the industry average for similar products and qualify for U.S. Energy Star Certification.

Recyclability is the ability to dismantle a product into its constituent materials for reuse in other products.

· Example

· 50% of the modular components will be able to be repaired and reused in similar products.


6. Health and Safety

Health and safety of anyone affected by the final product is very important.

· Example: IEEE and ANSI standards provide guidance on safe levels for exposure to radio-frequency electric field

· The system will not expose humans to unhealthy levels of electromagnetic radiation and will meet conditions for safe operations identified in ANSI Std. C95.1.

· Example: Consider the design of an automatic garage door system

· The door should stop moving if a person or object is detected in the door path.

· The final system will meet the UL (Underwriters Laboratory) and CE (Common European) standards and be tested at an independent laboratory for approval.




7. Legal

Designs should not infringe upon existing patents, copyrights, and trademarks, particularly if the intention is to sell the product.

· Examples

· An intellectual property search will be conducted to ensure that there is no infringement on prior patents.

· The system will protect the user’s identity with 128-bit encryption as required by law.


8. Maintainability

How you are going to maintain the system while in service.


9. Manufacturability

All aspects of product development are considered throughout the process.

· Examples

· The system must be manufactured on a circuit board with dimensions of no greater than 1” x 2”.

· The product should run on the Linux operating system.


10. Operational

Address the physical environment in which the system will operate. Temperature, humidity, electromagnetic radiation, shock, vibration …etc.

· Examples

· The system should be able to operate in the temperature range of 0oC to 75oC.

· The system must be waterproof and operate while submersed in water.

· The system should withstand a drop from a height of 6 feet and still operate.

11. Political

Address relationships to political, governmental, or union organizations.

· Examples

· The system will need to obtain FDA approval before it can be sold to medical users.

· The software will comply with the Digital Millenium Copyright Act.

12. Reliability

Refers to the expected period of time that a system will operate properly. Using mathematical techniques to estimate the system reliability (failure rates and mean time to failure).

· Example

· The system will have a reliability of 95% in 5 years.


13. Availability

Related to reliability, but addresses the amount of time that a system is available for operation.

· Examples

· The system will be operational 99% of the time.

· The system will be operational from 4 AM to 10 PM, 365 days a year.


14. Social and Cultural

Addresses aspects such as benefits, risks, and acceptance of products by the intended user or by society at large.

· Example

· Robots have tremendous benefits for improving product quality, while freeing people from dangerous and repetitive tasks. Yet when used in automation, they present the risk of displacing workers and causing job losses.



List and explain the alternative designs. Select two to three alternatives. Try to point out the advantages and disadvantages of each.


Explain the design solution in details and give the reasons for selecting such design solution.


Explain the components involved in the design and how they are integrated (put together) to form the system or the prototype.


Explain how the system testing was performed. Make sure to prove that the system is working per specification and as desired.


One of the recommended ways to present a project budget is through a table. List all major components with their cost. You may include labor cost. If so, use engineering hourly wage and multiply it by the number of worked hours for the whole team.




Some of the recommended ways to present a project schedule is through a table or using Gantt Chart. You may use MS Project to create Gantt Chart or you may use any template found online.


The conclusions presented must be based on information provided in the report. The reader needs to be convinced that the design works. Summarize the benefits of the project, things learned throughout the project, and your accomplishments. If limitations and uncertainties remain, they should be pointed out, and use recommendations for improvement. Use words, not equations or diagrams.



This section must include all references cited throughout the report. The formats for different types of references are given below.


W.-K. Chen, Linear Networks and Systems. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123–135.



J. U. Duncombe, “Infrared navigation—Part I: An assessment of feasibility,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. ED-11, no. 1, pp. 34–39, Jan. 1959.



Motorola Semiconductor Data Manual, Motorola Semiconductor Products Inc., Phoenix, AZ, 1989.


Online Books

J. Jones. (1991, May 10). Networks. (2nd ed.) [Online]. Available:


Online Journals

R. J. Vidmar. (1992, Aug.). On the use of atmospheric plasmas as electromagnetic reflectors. IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. [Online]. 21(3), pp. 876–880. Available:


Online Conference Papers

PROCESS Corp., MA. Intranets: Internet technologies deployed behind the firewall for corporate productivity. Presented at INET96 Annual Meeting. [Online]. Available:


Conference Paper in Proceedings


Khalid S. Al-Olimat, “Power Electronics Problem Solver on the Click,” Proceedings of the 40th Annual IEEE Frontiers in Education (FIE) Conference, Washington D.C., October 27-30, 2010.


Ph.D Dissertation or MS Thesis

J. O. Williams, “Narrow-band analyzer,” Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Elect. Eng., Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, 1993.



If appendices are needed, they must fall under this section. If there are multiple appendices, you need to numerate them with an alphabetical order.







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