Project: Method Section (5-6 Pages)

Method Section (5-6 pages)

For Week 8, you write the “Method Section” of your Project dealing with Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs theory (attached is the original paper with research questions). Consider research methodologies and designs appropriate to solve your research problem. Then decide which research paradigm, i.e., qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methodology, you plan to use in your study. In addition, describe your strategies for data collection and analysis. Below are key areas you need to address to complete the Methods Section. (Attached is a more depth explanation: READ ATTACHMENT PLEASE)

  • Participants (1 pages): 
  • Procedures (1 pages): Procedures For Recruitment, Participation, and Data Collection (students      collecting their own data)
  • Measures/Instrumentation (2 pages): Instrumentation and      Operationalization of Constructs 
  • Data Analysis Plan (1 pages)

Following the APA format and the Final Project Template, prepare the “Method Section” that describes the methodology used to test your hypotheses. This should include (a) participants, (b) procedures, (c) measures and/or instruments, and (d) data analysis plan.



Week 8: Method Section (5-6 pages)


For Week 8, you write the “Method Section” of your Final Project. Consider research methodologies and designs appropriate to solve your research problem. Then decide which research paradigm, i.e., qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methodology, you plan to use in your study. In addition, describe your strategies for data collection and analysis. Below are key areas you need to address to complete the Methods Section.

Participants (1 pages)


· Population

· Define the population.

· State criteria for selecting participants.

· State population size (if known) or approximate/estimated size.

· Sample and Sampling Procedures

· Identify and justify the type of sampling strategy.

· Explain specific procedures for how the sample will be drawn.

· Sampling frame (Inclusion and exclusion criteria)

· Use a power analysis to determine sample size and include:

· Justification for the effect size, alpha level, and power level chosen

· Citation of the source of calculation or the tool used to calculate sample size


Procedures (1 pages)

· Procedures For Recruitment, Participation, and Data Collection (students collecting their own data)

· Thoroughly describe recruiting procedures and particular demographic information that will be collected.

· Describe how participants will be provided informed consent.

· Describe how data are collected.

· Explain how participants exit the study (for example, debriefing procedures, etc.).

· Describe any follow-up procedures (such as requirements to return for follow-up interviews, treatments, etc.).

· Procedures For Recruitment, Participation, and Data Collection (students using archival data)

· Include all procedures for recruitment, participation, and/or data collection associated with the main study.

· Describe the bounds of the data to be extracted (e.g., records from 2005-2008).

· Describe the procedure for gaining access to the data.

· Describe necessary permissions to gain access to the data (with permission letters located in the IRB application).

Measures/Instrumentation (2 pages)


· Instrumentation and Operationalization of Constructs

· Identify each data collection instrument and source (published or researcher produced)

· For published instruments provide:

· Name of developer(s)

· Appropriateness to the current study

· Mention of permission from developer to use which permission letter included in the appendix

· Published reliability and validity values relevant to their use in the study

· Where/with what populations used previously and how validity/reliability are/were established in the study sample

· For researcher-developed instruments provide:

· Basis for development

· Literature sources

· Other bases (such as pilot study)

· Evidence of reliability (internal consistency, test-retest, etc.)

· Evidence of construct validity

· Establish sufficiency of instrumentation to answer research questions

· For studies involving an intervention or the manipulation of the IV:

· Identify materials/programs applied as treatment or manipulation.

· Provide information on the developer of the materials/programs/manipulations.

· If published, state where, how, and with what populations used previously

· If researcher developed, state basis for development and how developed.

· Provide evidence that another agency will sponsor intervention studies (such as clinical interventions).

· Operationalization: For each variable describe:

· Its operational definition

· How each variable is measured or manipulated

· How the variable/scale score is calculated and what the scores represent


Data Analysis Plan (1 pages)


· Identify software used for analyses.

· Provide explanation of data cleaning and screening procedures as appropriate to the study.

· Restate the research questions and hypotheses here as written in Chapter 1.

· Describe in detail the analysis plan including the elements below including:

· Statistical tests that will be used to test the hypothesis

· Rationale for inclusion of potential covariates / confounding variables

· How results will be interpreted (key parameter estimates, confidence intervals/probability values, odds ratios, etc.)











Problem Statement and Research Questions

Professor’s Name:

Student’s Name:


Course Title:



Problem Statement and Research Questions

Problem Statement

This research paper aims at demonstrating how the Maslow hierarchy of needs increase employees motivation, promote job satisfaction, and improve the performance of workforce. The theory identifies five distinct levels of needs which inspire employees to work. In this theory, Maslow redefine human resource management by developing a comprehensive framework of understandings each employee need. People work for various reasons and would be motivated based on the desire to achieve certain ends. Thus, Maslow defines those ends and categorizing them into distinctive classes.

Work is a means to achieve various ends desired by people. The income generated by work act a source of livelihood to many families. Meeting one needs attracts the desire to satisfy others. For instance, psychological and security needs forms the categories referred to as basic needs in life. Thus, this became the primary tool used by employers to motivate employees therefore, fulfilling these needs attracts the need to move higher in the ladder. A study conducted to understand how the working conditions affect employees motivation found that; the conditions of the working operation of the employees, the training that the employees were exposed to as well as the personal development of the employees represents the most essential factors (Wofford, 1971).

Therefore, understanding the approach to human resource management would help employers to enhance job satisfaction. People are motivated to work to meet specific needs in life. However, the theory demonstrates that needs changes over time. Therefore, this research study would help employers may integrate other motivational factors to enhance performance (Taormina & Gao, 2013). Therefore, the findings of this research paper would help the human resource managers to develop a framework to develop strategies that enhance motivation and inspire work.

Purpose statement

The purpose of this study is to identify the factors that motivate and inspire employee’s performance using the Maslow hierarchy of needs theory. People derive the energy to work from different inspirations thus, becoming an essential framework of influencing workers performance.

The research study would adopt a mixed approach by incorporating qualitative and quantitative studies to explain different concepts and answer research questions. This approach intents to describe the factors that inspire explore the numerous motivational factors and describes how they affect performance (McLaughlin & Butler, 1973). The information would help in developing strategies that could help increase motivation.

Research Questions

1. What factors increase the employee’s motivation to work and perform their duty?

2. How does the Maslow hierarchy of needs theory affect the employee’s inspiration to work?

3. What is the impact of employee’s motivation on the productivity of the organization?

4. How does employee’s satisfaction affect job satisfaction in an organization?

5. How does the Maslow theory affect the way organization motivate and inspire employees to work and accomplish their tasks?

The rating of employees represents the most important constructs measured. The independent variable includes all the factors like recognition, training, and enhancing personal development. The customer rating represents the dependent variable because they depend on the approaches used to create inspiration to perform. Besides, employees rating about job satisfaction represent the other dependent variable. Motivation is a subjective factor and dependent on an individual worker. Maslow theory identifies the human dynamic nature and therefore recommends human resource managers to understand the needs of an individual as opposed to collective needs (Cao, Jiang, Oh, Li, Liao, & Chen, 2013).

Hypothesis: Motivational strategies based on the guidelines of the Maslow hierarchy of needs theory enhance performance and leads to job satisfaction.


Cao, H., Jiang, J., Oh, L. B., Li, H., Liao, X., & Chen, Z. (2013). A Maslow’s hierarchy of needs analysis of social networking services continuance. Journal of Service Management24(2), 170-190.

McLaughlin, G. W., & Butler, R. P. (1973). Perceived importance of various job characteristics by West Point graduates. Personnel Psychology26(3), 351–358.

Taormina, R. J., & Gao, J. H. (2013). Maslow and the motivation hierarchy: Measuring satisfaction of the needs. The American Journal of Psychology126(2), 155–177.

Wofford, J. C. (1971). The motivational bases of job satisfaction and job performance. Personnel Psychology24(3), 501–518.

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