As an astute social worker and professional policy advocate, once you have selected and identified a social problem, you begin the process of creating and implementing a policy that addresses that social problem. One of the first things you do in the implementation process is an analysis of the social policy you identified.
In Part 3 of your ongoing Wiki assignment, your group analyzes the selected social policy.
Complete Part 3 of your Wiki.
Address the following items within your group’s Wiki page for Part 3:
Describe a current social problem. How might this problem be incongruent with social work values/ethics?
The current social problem is deportation and immigration of people. The deportation of people has led to the separation of children and their parents, (Jansson, 2018). There are five core social values and ethics which include service, social justice, integrity, dignity, and human relationship. The main goal of social workers is to help individuals talk, manage and resolve social problems. Social workers fight against unfairness and promote social justice. Moreover, they also offer resources and social support to the oppressed group. Social workers value the dignity and worth of each person and treat clients with respect regardless of the cultural and ethnicity difference. They are expected to work in a trustworthy manner.
As a result of the current administration’s policies on immigration several changes have been enacted which has affected parents and children of people who attempt to migrate via the Mexican border, refugees and Muslims.
How/when has this problem been identified historically, and what were the actions taken to address this concern
Immigration to America began in the sixteenth century with Spanish. In the seventeenth century, French and English settlers came to America. Mass immigration occurred in 1880 and 1924 primarily from eastern and southern Europe; this led to a total of 25 million immigrants. From early 1990 about one million immigrants arrive annually. Policies were created and implemented in 1920 to restrict immigrants. To address these situation support groups have been formed, (Blackboard, 2013). In 2012 President Obama began a program that offered two years’ deportation deferrals and works permit to undocumented immigrants. In June 2018 due to political and public outrage, Trump signed an order that was meant to end the policy of separating infants and children from their parents.
First, the Trump administration’s zero policy which requires criminal prosecution of those who enter the United States unlawfully has allowed undocumented migrants detained on civil infractions. The migrants and their children are separated as a result and have been placed in different immigration centers after being held in cage-like structures at immigration centers. Additionally, some children are placed into foster care services and are moved to other cities to be placed in shelters, As a result, the migrant children are separated from their parents. The treatment of children and their parents at the border goes against the creed and moral fabric of what Social workers believe. According to the National Association of Social Work. A “zero tolerance” immigration policy that would prosecute families who attempt to cross the border and forcibly separate children from parents is malicious and unconscionable and the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) will press lawmakers to rescind this egregious action (NASW,2018)
Another aspect of the immigration policy has been the cutting back of humanitarian aid programs. For example, the number of refugees who are allowed to enter the United States annually. On September 27, 2017, the Trump administration drastically lowered the annual refugee admission cap from 110,000 to 45,000, the lowest cap since 1980. In FY 2018, only 22,491 refugees were admitted into the U.S., reflecting how the Trump administration views the annual cap as a ceiling rather than as a target goal to meet and effectively reducing the admission of refugees to a mere trickle. The administration has lowered the annual cap even further in FY 2019, to 30,000 refugees. (No Muslim Ban Ever, 2019)
How have the groups affected by this concern changed over time?
The group affected by this are parents and children, especially. This social problem has led to the separation of infants from their parents. Research shows that by June 2018, 2300 immigrant children including infants were separated from their parents. Moreover, these policies can lead to traumatization, stress, damage attached relationship, and wider detrimental impact on the immigrant communities. The government needs to stop the practice of family separation and children detention for immigration control. (Plummer, et al., 2014).
Finally, the Muslims ban, in which the Trump administration has stop entry to the U.S. from certain countries. This act is considered discrimination of a person because of their religion by the NASW. By permitting Trump’s Muslim Ban, the Court encourages an underlying xenophobic and nativist trend. All of which contradicts the nation’s ethos of religious freedom and inclusiveness. It is unquestionable that discriminating against countries based on nationality or religion will not make the United States stronger; it will make us decidedly weaker in the eyes of the rest of the world (NASW,2018)
Jervis, T and Gomez A,( May 2, 2019) Trump administration has separated hundreds of children from their migrant families since 2018. USA Today, Retrieved from https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2019/05/02/border-family-separations-trump-administration-border-patrol/3563990002
No Muslim Ban Ever (2019) Understanding Trump’s Muslim Bans, Retrieved from https://www.nilc.org/issues/immigration-enforcement/understanding-the-muslim-bans
Popescu, M, and Libal K(2018) Social Work With Migrants and Refugees: Challenges, Best Practices, and Future Directions, Advances In Social Work retrieved from file:///C:/Users/22600-Article Text-34741-3-10-20190222 (1).pdf
Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen S. M. (Eds.). (2014). Sessions: Case histories. Baltimore, MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing. [Vital Source e-reader].
The National Association of Social Work, (2018) NASW Code of Ethics, Retrieved from