PSY 101

Paraphrasing Assignment

PSY101 – Fundamentals of Psychology




Due: by 11:59pm EST on Sunday at the end of Unit 1


The paraphrasing assignment is designed to help you rewrite a paragraph in your own words. This is a skill you will need for this course and future courses as you conduct research to write papers.


Complete the following steps:

1. Watch the following video on plagiarism and APA citation format:

2. Read the following course requirement for writing in Psychology courses at Post University.

For all written work in this course, it is expected that you will write using your OWN words.  You are expected to discuss psychological concepts, theories, and research results.  In doing so, you will learn to communicate using the “language” and terminology of Psychology.   Although you will learn the language of Psychology, it is critical that you communicate your learning by using your own words.  If you describe the theory or research results of others; you must paraphrase , or summarize, the main ideas in your own words. Visit this website below to learn more:

After reviewing the links above, paraphrase/summarize the paragraphs below.  That is, re-write them in your OWN words. Paraphrasing is the only way you can clearly show your instructor what YOU have learned. Remember that paraphrasing is not substituting words, combining portions of sentences around to create new sentences, or moving sentences around. Try and capture the meaning of the passage as a whole, rather than paraphrasing sentence by sentence. Refrain from using paraphrasing tools, or websites that will paraphrase for you, as you will receive a failing grade for doing so. Information submitted from a paraphrasing tool is not your own work and the paraphrased material churned out by these tools rarely makes any sense. In addition, using these tools violates Post University’s Academic Dishonesty Policy. As you read the paragraphs below, consider how you would summarize the information in your own words.

The following passage is taken from your textbook, Chapter 1, pp. 26-27.

“The scientific method is the approach used by psychologists to systematically acquire knowledge and understanding about behavior and other phenomena of interest. It consists of four main steps: (1) identifying questions of interest, (2) formulating an explanation, (3) carrying out research designed to support or refute an explanation, and (4) communicating the findings.

In using the scientific method, psychologists start by identifying questions of interest. We have all been curious at some time about our observations of everyday behavior. We have all be curious at some time about our observations of everyday behavior. If you have ever asked yourself why a particular teacher is so easily annoyed, why a friend is always late for appointments, or how your dog understands commands, you have been formulating questions about human behavior.

Psychologists, too, ask questions about the nature and causes of behavior. They may want to explore explanations for everyday behaviors or for various phenomena. They may also pose questions that build on findings from their previous research or from research carried out by other psychologists. Or they may produce new questions that are based on curiosity, creativity, or insight.

After a question has been identified, the next step in the scientific method is to develop a theory to explain observed phenomenon. Theories are broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of interest. They provide a framework for understanding the relationships among a set of otherwise unorganized principles.”


3. After you have written your paraphrase/summary, reread it a couple of times to make sure it makes sense, both in terms of content and grammar.


4. Remember to include in-text citations. Your in-text citation for this assignment should look like the sentence below. Note that the in-text citation comes before the period at the end of the sentence.

This is the sentence referencing the resource (Feldman, 2015).

5. In addition, you will need to include a reference at the end of your paraphrasing assignment. Your reference should look like this:


Feldman, R. S. (2015). Essentials of understanding psychology. (11th Ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.

6. On a separate page, answer the following questions:


a. What is plagiarism? If you are submitting a written assignment and you cut and paste a portion of someone else’s writing and add a citation, is that considered acceptable?


Refer to the next page for the grading rubric.


Students: Be sure to read the criteria, by which your paper/project will be evaluated, before you write, and again after you write.




Evaluation Rubric for Paraphrasing Assignment

CRITERIA Deficient


Development Needed Proficient Exemplary
  0 – 23 points 24 – 31 points 32 – 35 points 36 – 40 points
Paraphrasing Content


Did not use paraphrasing. Quoted excessively or used word substitutions excessively.

Included an excessive amount of extra information not found in original source.

Demonstrated adequate understanding of passage material.

Used some paraphrasing. Some quoting present and/or used word substitution.

Included some extra information not found in original source.

Demonstrated mastery of passage material.

Incorporated good level of paraphrasing. A few word substitutions or extra information were included.


Demonstrated excellent mastery of passage essence.

Incorporated excellent level of paraphrasing. Quotes, word substitutions, and extra information were not included.

  0 – 11 points 12 – 15 points 16 – 17 points 18 – 20 points
Scholarly Source Citation was absent. Citation was present with many APA errors. Citation was present with few APA errors. Passage citation was included and correct.
  0 – 11 points 12 – 15 points 16 – 17 points 18 – 20 points
Structure and Flow Flow is poor. Paragraphing is inappropriate. Transitions are minimal or absent. Significant redundancy is evident. Flow is adequate. Paragraphs may be too long or too short. Transitions are minimal and redundancy is evident. Flow is good. Paragraphing is mostly appropriate. Transitions are present and redundancies are minimal. Flow is excellent. Paragraphing is clear and transitions are smooth and consistent. Inappropriate redundancies are absent.
  0 – 11 points 12 – 15 points 16 – 17 points 18 – 20 points
Grammar and Spelling Errors impede professional presentation; guidelines not followed. Numerous errors somewhat interfere with professional presentation. Few errors that do not impede professional presentation. Writing and format is clear, professional, and error free.
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