The transportation issues in Chinese Universities
10 / 18 / 2017
TA: Joshua Newton
University campus traffic safety is an important part of a university safety management. With the increase in motor vehicle ownership and opening of new degree programs, the campus traffic safety issue has been required more attention. A detailed analysis of literature reveals that there are plenty of reasons such as lack of parking space, lack of traffic facilities and ignorance the traffic rules that cause the safety issues. Strengthen management, provision of basic equipment and awareness campaigns for all stakeholders are the primary suggestions to solve traffic safety issue in campus area.
The campus transportation system is an important part of college campus planning, along
with the constant enlargement of the university campus space scale. The university campus in
both China and America in terms of scale are part of the town. Most campus traffic issues arise
due to the insufficient knowledge both at theoretical and application. The primary question of
this research study is to explore the existing traffic safety issues within boundaries of a campus.
The rapid development of higher education, the number of college students are
increasing. At the same time, increasing numbers of cars on the campus directly cause the
parking issues. As the campus opens to the public and the function as a place of the logistics
socialization. The vertical rate is increasing. In China, the system of the transportation is being
messy and traffic accidents have been increased. To a certain extent, it dangerously influences
campus security and stability.
A journal article, titled, “The university campus transportation status reasons and the
countermeasure analysis” the author, Feiqi Wang studies the situation of the transportation
system in universities in China and points out the issues they are facing right now. First of all, he
mentioned that the defects of the system on safety management, which leads the campus traffic
management University campus traffic safety management are generally self-management, but
defense is not law enforcement, no right to punishment and pecans vehicles on campus, only the
traffic police department has the right to deal with them. But in fact, the law enforcement not
actively into the university campus, result in drivers don’t obey the management of security
guards, which is a serious threat to the campus traffic safety. In addition, lack of parking makes
vehicles park on the road and the pavement encroachment on both sides. Most campuses have
dormitory, classroom building, dining hall and restaurants, the repast and activities occupy the
gap time between classes could easily cause accidents.
Another article named, “The transportation system in University campus.” The author
also points out the vehicle parking issue, it has become the major concern for the university in
China. He also states that another problem is faultiness of transportation infrastructure
construction. The intersections in most of the campus do not have traffic lights, especially in the
rush hour, there is also no commander control the mess. Lacking pedestrian crossing, traffic
lights on the connecting parts for school and outside which leads transportation system into a bad
Based on the article, “Transportation problems and it’s solution.” the authors mentioned
the solution that universities use other than China to help develop the transportation system.
They introduce, the University of California, Los Angeles has built 14 parking lot for the
teachers and students and other employees around teaching and research building. Foreign
business anchor on the side of the road of the campus the vehicles for short periods of time, need
to make table billing. “STOP” signs around the campus all traffic intersection, It requires that the
vehicles must make people preferred by through campus, and drew out the pedestrian. Don’t
allow parking temporary parking Spaces, parking Spaces for disabled persons, seat and allow
parking time limit clearly marked on the campus road.
The state university of New York: teaching areas prohibit motor vehicle, the school has the free
shuttle for teachers and students, seven days a week, and run 20 hours a day. The campus vehicle
shall not exceed 15 miles per hour. At the University of Auckland, New Zealand: teaching
central district road shall practice a system ban of a motor vehicle, in addition to the use of the
vehicle bus, bicycle, the disabled, other than the university bus and implement emergency
service vehicles and other vehicles shall be no thoroughfare. And the cars be allowed to pass
through this section, the speed to strict rules has to be 10 km and under. Dublin Institute of
technology set the electronic signs at the school gate, the route and parking areas, clear cites the
driving directions and parking areas, the vertical is banned in teaching central district.
According all the research showed above, lack of parking space, incomplete system
management and lack of traffic facilities are the main reason that may cause potential safety
issues. Because of the national condition differences, parking inside the university in America is
much easier than in China. The main reason is America has a complete system. First of all, the
large amount of parking structure takes over the campus area in universities in America. Parking
permit plays the important role for the students and teachers who drive to school.
The person who owns the permit would be able to park at the designated areas. Base on the
University of California San Diego, there are six type permits, which include faculty and senior
staff parking, staff and graduate student parking, students parking, off-peak hours staff parking,
night & weekend parking and motorcycle parking. For those who do not have a parking permit,
the parking kiosk can be seen everywhere on the campus. The parking charge by hours which is
$2 per hour or purchase whole day for $20, cash and card are both acceptable, once finish the
paying, take out the receipt that it printed and then leave it inside the car on the front of the
A book named “Modern urban transportation system” that wrote by Lihua Piao said, In 1990,
President Bush formally published the Disabilities Act (Americans with Disability Act of 1990,
“ADA”). In 2010, the U.S. justice department updates the ADA design specifications, the design
in the parking lot must make the pledge that we shall have a barrier-free under 25 parking
space;100 parking Spaces below must have five disabled parking space. The blue background
with white Symbol of a wheelchair, as an International common barrier-free facilities marks
(English name International Symbol of Access), sometimes this logo draws on the ground.
Without a parking permit, the car that on the disabled parking spot can get ticket. The campus
transportation planning is part of the whole campus planning.
The article, “The sustainable development of the modern university campus traffic
planning research” The author Xiaonian Xie mentioned that the traffic is not only an important
carrier of entertainment for student campus life, it also affects campus management tools.
Transportation is the core of school management, in the whole school management and planning
should cause more attention. Zongbo Tan mentioned in his book “urban planning” For solving
the traffic problems, not an isolated one-sided consideration, everything is developing and
connected. The campus transportation needs to work together on various aspects.
Traffic problems on campus are about all the teachers and students in school and the vital
interests of the faculty, everyone is closely linked, school leaders, teachers, students should
actively take action. In addition, the transportation issues need a lot of knowledge of discipline
and coordination of various departments. The campus transportation management requires strong
leadership. Promoting in the campus traffic planning decision-making, engaged in transportation
research of the teacher’s voice. Professional people do professional thing, it can only be scientific
and rationale for the campus through the planning and design.
The campus transportation management should be heavy-handed and geared of all
people. some university campus in order to meet the needs of a growing number of motor
vehicles, road planning, construction, and campus management policy is too tilted to the car, and
non-motor vehicle not only lanes to motor vehicles, but also start parking on the sidewalk, the
campus is turning into the car campus, which leads to traffic congestion, increase the incidence
of accidents, campus environment pollution issues and so on. Therefore, the campus
transportation management and planning should let more people feel equal.
There is some advice for developing the transportation system in the universities in
China. First of all, further improve the transportation system. The principal should carefully
prevent the campus traffic accident, comprehensive grasp the campus traffic safety facilities,
parking facilities planning for further detailed baseline screening. Screening results to establish
archives, form a complete campus road transportation management information, insist on regular
screening per semester, grasp the campus road traffic safety situation and to carry out the
targeted management to find the weak links, prevent the school traffic accident and maintain
School should make a plan for hiring guards and security management professional
training and supervise security guards, strengthen the road patrol, dissuade in time if find a
dangerous driving situation. Secondly, try to raise the level of transportation safety. The traffic
administrative department of the school needs to strengthening the management of campus road
driving, speeding, retrograde and parking not follow the provisions. Third, develop on traffic
facilities, such as build signal lights and “STOP” sign just as other universities outside the China,
and also limit the vehicles that can enter to school. At the same time, strengthening the traffic
safety education of students.
So they can understand the meaning of various types of traffic signals and improve
self-protection ability to reduce the campus traffic accident. Fourth, standardize the management
of shuttle and bus. School should hire the drivers who own the bone professional morals,
experienced and with a great record and then signed a letter of responsibility for safe driving and
in order to establish the corresponding education and management system. Strengthening the
school bus driver education and management, to improve the driver’s traffic safety awareness.
Fifth, cooperation and cooperation, strengthen the linkage with the local law enforcement
The relevant departments of the school should take the practical work of the school road
traffic safety as a practical implementation of the scientific concept of development, build a
harmonious campus, safeguard the fundamental profit of the teachers and students, strengthen
the communication of information, actively cooperate and take practical measures to strengthen.
Strengthen the contact with the local executive departments such as traffic police and
cooperation. One is conducive to the school security department of business guidance, while
helping the security sector strengthen the campus traffic safety publicity and management efforts
to help deal with campus traffic accidents and motor vehicles violations; the second is to help
schools to strengthen the school gate and the surrounding traffic and keep in in order, to ensure
the safety of teachers and students.
Lastly, scientifically and targeted to plan the construction of campus transport
infrastructure, increase investment, improve the mechanism, improve the scientific and
technological content. In view of the risks of school traffic safety, the school should increase the
capital investment and improve all kinds of transportation facilities. The current campus traffic
management system cannot meet the needs of the development of colleges and universities.
Standardized parking management, effective control of outside vehicles, so as to achieve the
reduction of motor vehicle traffic on campus, reduce traffic accidents and create a good campus
The article named, “Analysis of the Current Situation of University Campus.” Junbing
Xu mentioned that some colleges and universities have established the traffic management mode
of the campus intelligent contact IC card ( A plastic card containing a computer chip and
enabling the holder to purchase goods and services) induction system, and the campus traffic
order has obviously improved, and the campus traffic accident is obviously reduced.
In sum, the traffic management of colleges and universities related to the peace of the
staff and students, related to the safety and stability of colleges and universities, which requires
us to give full play to the role of university traffic managers in the work of scientific
development concept of continuous learning, exploration and practice in order to make the
university’s traffic management work to keep up with the pace of the times, and truly for the safe
Feiqi Wang, “The university campus transportation status reasons and the countermeasure analysis” , Time Education, September, 2012 Caixia Zhu “The transportation system in University campus.” , Zhengzhou, 2008 Zhongying Shi, “Transportation problems and it’s solution.”, 2013 Lihua Piao , “Modern urban transportation system” 38-45, People’s Education Press, 2015 Xiaonian Xie and Tong Yao“The sustainable development of the modern university campus traffic planning research” Zongbo Tan, “urban planning” , Tsinghua University, 216-284, 2005 Junbing Xu, “Analysis of the Current Situation of University Campus.”, Hubei, 2012