Step 3:

(please retain and use the 4 articles being referenced for intext and reference citations along with any of your own scholorly references)

The purpose of this assignment is to COMPLETE a paper that will:

  1. Identify the biological basis of a disease or disorder of the nervous system >>>>>(Bell’s palsy) <<<<
  2. Summarize current research to better understand the role of the nervous system in the disease/disorder

The final paper should showcase your best work in synthesizing and applying information about the biological basis of behavior, as well as your writing skills. An example paper from a former student is available to provide a strong example of this assignment (see the attachment below). 

Please complete the following this week:

  1. After re-reading your research summaries and feedback, write an introduction to your final paper that will introduce your reader to research the topic, and preview the types of research summaries you will include. You may also want to use additional sources to cite important statistics about the disease/disorder or describe important symptoms or treatments that may be relevant.
  2. Revise your research summaries by re-reading to correct any confusing sections typos, mistakes or omissions. Integrate any feedback you received. (don’t worry I got %100 on my summaries),  Add transition sentences to guide your reader through the summaries.
  3. Write a conclusion that summarize the main points of your paper. Then, interpret the research you read as a whole. Possible things to consider in your conclusion: What main themes emerged? What differences/discrepancies/controversies emerged? What gaps still exist in the research (what is still unknown about the biological basis)? What new discoveries have been made?
  4. After you have completed your paper, write an abstract. The abstract should be a mini-preview of the upcoming paper. A basic format for an abstract could include a sentence (or two) introducing the topic, a sentence summarizing the kinds of research the reader will encounter in your paper, and a sentence (or two) about the conclusion of the paper. (You’ll want to have your paper fairly complete before writing your abstract. Once the paper is complete or close to complete, it will be a lot easier to pull out these key pieces of information and assemble the abstract.)
  5. Use APA format for your writing. This assignment should be approximately 6 pages long (not including a cover page and references page) in APA format (12 point font, double-spaced, 1″ margins). Additional information about APA format is available HERE. An MSWord document that is pre-formatted to APA format is available for you to use (see the attachment below).  Please use this template to help ensure that most elements of APA format will be already included in your assignment, making it a lot easier to produce a high-quality, professionally formatted assignment. 🙂

YOU ARE ESSENTIALLY WRITING AN ABSTRACT, INTRODUCTION & CONCLUSION with filler information to make up the extra pages. There are 4 full page summaries already. SO you just need 2 more full pages including the abstract page.

>> Review attachments being with “Sem assignment one”<<



Step 1: Selecting a Research Paper Topic

PSYC 301

















1. The Topic: I’ve decided to write about Bell’s Palsy

Bells palsy is a type of facial paralysis the result of either trauma or damage to one or two of a persons facial nerves.

2. Summarize Symptoms:

· Rapid onset of mild weakness to total paralysis on one side of your face — occurring within hours to days

· Facial droop and difficulty making facial expressions, such as closing your eye or smiling

· Drooling

· Pain around the jaw or in or behind your ear on the affected side

· Increased sensitivity to sound on the affected side

· Headache

· A loss of taste

· Changes in the amount of tears and saliva you produce

3. Nervous System Changes: Identify one or more nervous system changes. List key types of changes in nervous system associated with the disease or disorder.

The cause of Bell’s palsy is not known. It is thought that it may be due to inflammation that is directed by the body’s immune system against the nerve controlling movement of the face. This condition results from damage to the facial nerve (the 7th cranial nerve). Pain and discomfort usually occur on one side of the face or head. Symptoms are usually temporary but few may experience the effects for life.








Song, W., Cao, Z., Lang, C., Dai, M., Xuan, L., Lv, K., Cui, F., Jorgenson, K., Xu, M., & Kong, J. (2017). Disrupted functional connectivity of striatal sub-regions in Bell’s Palsy patients. NeuroImage: Clinical,14©, 122-129. Doi: 10.1016/j.nicl.2017.01.008


Murthy, J., & Saxena, A. (2011). Bell’s Palsy: Treatment guidelines. Annals of Indian Academy of Neuorlogy, 14(5). DOI: 10.4103/0972-2327.83092


McCaul, J. A., Cascarini, L., Godden, D., Coombes, D., Brennan, P. A., & Kerawala, C. J. (2014). Evidence based management of Bell’s palsy. British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery52(5), 387.


Greco, A., Gallo, M., Marinelli, C., Macri, G. F., & de Vincentiis, M. (2012). Bell’s Palsy and autoimmunity. Autoimmunity Reviews, 12(2), 323-328. Retrieved from


Kheirkhah, M., Brodoehl, S., Leistritz, L., Götz, T., Baumbach, P., Huonker, R., Witte, O. W., Volk, G. F., Guntinas-Lichius, O., & Klingner, C. M. (2020). Abnormal Emotional processing and emotional experience in patients with peripheral facial nerve paralysis: An MEG study. Brain Sciences (2076-3425)10(3), 147.


Li, Y., Li, J., Mao, Y., Li, X., Liu, W., Xu, L., Han, Y., & Wang, H. (2015). The alteration of SHARPIN expression in the mouse brainstem during herpes simplex virus 1-induced facial palsy. Neuroscience Letters586, 50–54.


Goldberg MJ, Harte S. Emotional factors contributing to facial paralysis. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1972;20(7):324-329. doi:10.1111/j.1532-5415.1972.tb00821.x


SIOL, T., HUBER, M., & BUCHNER H. (2001). Post traumatic Bell’s Palsy. Am J Psychiatry 158:2.



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