Term Paper










The Effects of Colors on Moods

Community College of Philadelphia




The purpose of this study aims to seek if the color of an interior influences student’s mood, using two rooms located on the main campus. I chose the main campus due to the volume of students that frequent the campus instead of the regional campus. The research method is experimental. Students who were currently taking a psychology course will be asked to volunteer to partake in the study; the student will consist of younger and older, both and male and female. The students will be observed for attentiveness, sleeping while sitting in on a lecture in a painted and decorated room with either warm or cool colors. I intend for this research to help understand more about colors and how they affect our feelings and, therefore, make a better decision and increase the use of spaces when choosing colors for different areas to suit the purpose for which they are designed.










The Effects of Colors on Mood

Colors may seem unimportant and straightforward, but they affect our daily lives more than we may know. If someone is feeling angry, it might be simple because they’re mad, or it may be perhaps that they’re surrounded by or watching a specific color. People’s moods can change simply because they’re viewing different colors. There are many theories on just how simple color can change one’s whole mood. According to K. Yildrim, 2007 colors affect emotion and perspectives depending on their brightness, shade, tint, and tone. However, the effect of color on moods is determined by the age and gender of the person in question. For instance, warm colors such as red, yellow, and orange are associated with happiness, excitement, optimism, and energy. On the other hand, cool colors include green, blue, and purple and are associated with calmness and are perceived to be soothing but are at times perceived to express sadness.

In assessing the effect of color on moods, Kurt & Osueke (2014) researched college students as the study participants. They hypothesized that colors need to be studied because they are experienced in the environments where other complex types of interactions occur, thereby affecting behaviors, moods, and perceptions. The research was inspired by the knowledge of color having an arousal effect on people. Colors affect how people feel both physically and psychologically. Ideally, different colors represent different moods. Therefore, it is essential for architects to wisely choose the colors to paint in enclosed spaces depending on who will inhabit the area and the use under which space will be put (Osueke, 2014).


Proposed Methods

This study aims to develop the affect in which color and emotion association within the background of an internal environment is necessary for understanding how color space influences human behaviors. Designers and interior designers need to understand the effect of color to reduce the psychological threats to create emotional well-being environments.


To test the hypothesis, I will recruit 60 Psychology primary students from Community College of Philadelphia. I will recruit these students by placing a sign-up sheet with a link for student volunteers to sign up online. The sign-up sheet, however, will only be placed in rooms where Psychology courses at being held. The 60 students will be randomly generated from the sign-up selection with 30 males and 30 females. Participants who are chosen will receive class credit to apply to an assignment of choice in their Psychology course.


The dependent variable in this study is mood. The hypothesis is that moods are determined by the color of a building’s interior, e.g., where students study. This study aimed to investigate variations in participants’ moods on two primary colors, warm and cool. This helps identify facts associated with colors as a tool to use in studying human behavior where moods are involved.

One promising approach to measure moods is the constant-sum method that is based on the constant-stimulus model. This method requires the researcher to indicate the relative magnitude of two stimuli by dividing 100 points between them. This approach is based on Wexner’s experiment in which he described 12 mood tones using two or more adjectives. i.e., “exciting and stimulating; secure and comfortable; distressed and disturbed, upset; tender and soothing; protective and defending; despondent, dejected, unhappy and melancholy; calm, peaceful and serene; dignified and stately; cheerful, jovial and joyful; defiant, contrary, hostile; and powerful, strong, masterful; and Pleasant” (Schaie, 1961). In his work, ten colors are represented, but, in this study, only two colors will be used (a warm-a blend of yellow, red, and orange and cool- a combination of blue and purple), and I will use only the first four mood tones.


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