The Child Maintenance System
A total application charge for parents on benefits in the range of ?50 with ?20 of this paid upfront and the remainder paid in installments. The installments for the application only become payable where maintenance is in payment. Therefore a parent on benefit who applies will never pay more than the upfront charge if no maintenance is received from the application. A charge of ?20-25 for the calculation only service to be paid by the applicant. A collection surcharge (on top of maintenance to be paid) of between 15% and 20% to be paid by the non-resident parent. A collection deduction charge (retained from maintenance collected for the parent with care) of between 7% and 12%. A charge on the non-resident parent when enforcement measures (e.g. an order of sale for property) need to be used because of non-compliance. An application charge for the calculation only service.7 This reform is criticized by many because its impact is to be primarily on mothers,8 In most of the cases, it would be the women who apply for a maintenance as they would be the care-giving parent.9 1011It is so because fathers on the whole do not negotiate full-time work with daily responsibility for child care, especially very young children, either during or after marriage.12 A study by Atkinson and Mckay concluded that non-resident parents had no wish to share parental responsibility.13 The DWP Equality Impact Assessment for the Green Paper has observed that 95% of parents with care are women, and a similar proportion of non-resident parents are men…14 It is officially calculated,the full cost of an application is likely to be around ?200. 15 The women in Britain mostly work in part-time, low paid, (and) insecure jobs…16 17 The single mothers have to schedule their working hours so as to undertake child care also.