Qualitative case study
Phenomenology and heuristic inquiry
Complete the Qualitative Research Approaches Matrix Template for the four approaches highlighted this week. Some of the cells have been pre-populated with sample entries or with prompts to help you focus your comparisons.
Qualitative Research Methods Matrix
|Approach||Disciplinary Roots||Focus of Central Research Question||Unique Terminology||Primary Data Sources||Sampling Issues||Analysis Plan Guidelines||References|
|Submit in Week 2||Basic Qualitative Inquiry||Philosophy, history constructionism, phenomenology||· How can the experience of [an event, circumstance, program, a context] be described or explored?
· What is the meaning of [a process, program, or event] to the target individual(s) of interest?
· What “practical” knowledge can be learned?
|Use of the words “describe,” “explore,” “experience,” and “meaning” in title and research questions||Interviews||Choice is a function of the question||Content analysis is a good choice as it is generic and exploratory||Elo et al., 2014 Merriam, 2009
|Qualitative Case Study|
|Grounded Theory and Realism||Emergence of theory, inductive, theoretical sampling, constant comparison, open coding, axial coding, saturation, memo writing|
|Phenomenology and Heuristic Inquiry||What is the meaning, structure, and essence of the lived experience of this phenomenon for this person or group of people?
What is my experience of this phenomenon and the essential experience of others who also experience this phenomenon intensely?
|Submit in Week 3||Social Constructivism and Narrative Inquiry||Select individuals who have directly experienced the phenomenon of interest|
|Systems Theory||How and why does this system as a whole function as it does?
What are the system’s boundaries and interrelationships, and how do these affect perspectives about how and why the system functions as it does?
|Ethnography and Autoethnography||Ellis, Adams & Bochner, 2011
|Interactive and Participatory Qualitative Applications||Action research, co-researcher, participant-researcher, learning organization, dialogue, appreciative inquiry|
Highlight indicates example response.
Modified from Patton, M.Q. (2014). Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods: Integrating Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications